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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Coupling Between Heterotrophic Nanoflagellates and Bacteria in Fresh Waters: Does Latitude Make a Difference?

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Segovia, Bianca T. [1] ; Domingues, Carolina D. [2] ; Meira, Bianca R. [1] ; Lansac-Toha, Fernando M. [1] ; Fermani, Paulina [3] ; Unrein, Fernando [3] ; Lobao, Lucia M. [4] ; Rolando, Fabio [4] ; Velho, Luiz F. M. [1] ; Sarmento, Hugo [5]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Estadual Maringa, Nucleo Pesquisas Limnol Ictiol & Aquicultura, Maringa, Parana - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Dept Bot, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[3] Univ Nacl San Martin, Inst Tecnol Chascomus, Chascomus - Argentina
[4] Univ Fed Juiz de Fora, Dept Ecol, Juiz De Fora - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Hidrobiol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 6

Recent studies reported comparatively lower heterotrophic bacteria (HB) abundances in tropical regions, indicating that factors involved in bacterial losses could be more relevant in the tropics. Heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF) are considered the main predators of HB in aquatic ecosystems, and one should expect higher abundances in the tropics because of differences in the food web configuration (absence of large daphnids). However, there are no comprehensive studies comparing HB and HNF abundances in a latitudinal gradient. We hypothesized that HB abundance would be lower in the tropics because HNF abundance would be higher, resulting in a tighter HNF-HB coupling. To test this hypothesis, we compiled a large dataset of HB and HNF abundances from tropical and temperate freshwater environments. We found that both HB and HNF abundances were lower in the tropical region, and that HNF-HB coupling does not differ between temperate and tropical regions. The lower HNF abundance and lack of coupling may be explained by a strong top-down control on HNF and/or their herbivory preference. Besides, no relationship was found between bacterial specific growth rate and either chlorophyll-a and HB abundance, indicating that bacterial losses may have an important role in tropical freshwaters. Thus, we found that HNF is likely not the main controllers of HB abundance, and that grazing by ciliates and cladocerans, together with the physiological effects of higher temperatures, may explain the high bacterial loss rates in the tropics. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/14139-3 - Microbial processes and biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems
Grantee:Hugo Miguel Preto de Morais Sarmento
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants