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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prey Limitation Drives Variation in Allometric Scaling of Predator-Prey Interactions

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Costa-Pereira, Raul [1, 2, 3] ; Araujo, Marcio Silva [1] ; Olivier, Renan da Silva [4] ; Souza, Franco L. [4] ; Rudolf, Volker H. W. [2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Rice Univ, BioSci, Houston, TX 77005 - USA
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Biodiversidade, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, Inst Biociencias, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: American Naturalist; v. 192, n. 4, p. E139-E149, OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Ecologists have long searched for a universal size-scaling constant that governs trophic interactions. Although this is an appealing theoretical concept, predator-prey size ratios (PPSRs) vary strikingly across and within natural food webs, meaning that predators deviate from their optimal prey size by consuming relatively larger or smaller prey. Here we suggest that this unexpected variation in allometric scaling of trophic interactions can be predicted by gradients of prey limitation consistent with predictions from optimal foraging theory. We analyzed >6,000 trophic interactions of 52 populations from four tropical frog species along a gradient of prey limitation. The mean of PPSR and its variance differed up to two orders of magnitude across and within food webs. Importantly, as prey availability decreased across food webs, PPSR and its variance became more size dependent. Thus, trophic interactions did not follow a fixed allometric scaling but changed predictably with the strength of prey limitation. Our results emphasize the importance of ecological contexts in arranging food webs and the need to incorporate ecological drivers of PPSR and its variance in food web and community models. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/20924-5 - Revisiting the diversity paradox: does intraspecific ecological variation facilitate species coexistence?
Grantee:Raul Costa Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/09038-9 - Rebuilding community ecology from individuals: Consequences of intraspecific ecological diversity on species coexistence and community assembly
Grantee:Raul Costa Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/15567-8 - Causes and consequences of individual specialization in Poecilia vivipara (Cyprinodontiformes, Poeciliidae)
Grantee:Márcio Silva Araújo
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants