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Rebuilding community ecology from individuals: Consequences of intraspecific ecological diversity on species coexistence and community assembly

Grant number: 16/09038-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 21, 2016
Effective date (End): October 02, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal Investigator:Márcio Silva Araújo
Grantee:Raul Costa Pereira
Supervisor: Volker Rudolf
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Research place: Rice University, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:14/20924-5 - Revisiting the diversity paradox: does intraspecific ecological variation facilitate species coexistence?, BP.DR

Abstract

How similar species coexist in nature has intrigued ecologists by more then half-century. Recently, this field has received important theoretical contributions, outstandingly the idea that not only niche differences determine the output of species coexistence, but also the magnitude of average fitness dissimilarities. However, the modern coexistence framework still neglecting the intraspecific ecological diversity, an ubiquitous pattern in nature. Particularly, two different scales of intraspecific diversity have been recently recognized with large potential to impact on community ecology theory: ontogenetic and interindividual niche variations. In this proposal we aim to understand how intraspecific ecological variations (at ontogenetic and interindividual scales) can affect the coexistence of species and community assembly. Overall, we aim to investigate: i) which ontogenetic stage (larval or adults) account for most of the stabilizing effect needed for species coexistence; ii) how fitness hierarchy among competing species can affect the degree of intraspecific ecological variation, iii) considering internal and external filters, how communities are assembled at the individual scales. To address these questions, we will apply observational work on natural communities of frogs and tadpoles as well as mathematical modeling. We expect that our final results will advance community theories by explaining how intraspecific niche variations can impact on intra and interspecific competition and, consequently, in the coexistence of species and assembly of natural communities.

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL; ARAUJO, MARCIO SILVA; OLIVIER, RENAN DA SILVA; SOUZA, FRANCO L.; RUDOLF, VOLKER H. W.. Prey Limitation Drives Variation in Allometric Scaling of Predator-Prey Interactions. American Naturalist, v. 192, n. 4, p. E139-E149, . (14/20924-5, 16/09038-9, 10/15567-8)
INGRAM, TRAVIS; COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL; ARAUJO, MARCIO S.. The dimensionality of individual niche variation. ECOLOGY, v. 99, n. 3, p. 536-549, . (14/20924-5, 16/09038-9)
COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL; RUDOLF, VOLKER H. W.; SOUZA, FRANCO L.; ARAUJO, MARCIO S.. Drivers of individual niche variation in coexisting species. Journal of Animal Ecology, v. 87, n. 5, p. 1452-1464, . (14/20924-5, 16/09038-9, 10/15567-8, 17/20069-6)
COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL; TOSCANO, BENJAMIN; SOUZA, FRANCO L.; INGRAM, TRAVIS; ARAUJO, MARCIO S.. Individual niche trajectories drive fitness variation. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, v. 33, n. 9, . (14/20924-5, 10/15567-8, 16/09038-9, 17/20069-6)

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