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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cashew-Nut Effluent: An Anodic Oxidation Treatment Using a Batch Recirculation Reactor with BDD Anode

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Author(s):
da Costa, Patricia R. F. [1] ; Costa, Emily C. Tossi de A. [1] ; Castro, Suely S. L. [2] ; Martinez-Huitle, Carlos A. [3, 1] ; Fajardo, Ana S. [1, 4]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Inst Chem, BR-59078970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] State Univ Rio Grande Norte, Fac Exact & Nat Sci, Campus Cent, BR-59625620 Mossoro, RN - Brazil
[3] Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Organ Chem, D-55128 Mainz - Germany
[4] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Ctr Exact & Earth Sci, Postgrad Program Petr Engn Sci, BR-59078970 Natal, RN - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of the Electrochemical Society; v. 165, n. 13, p. E659-E664, SEP 18 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

A BDD-batch reactor with recirculation is presented, for the first time, to the electrochemical treatment of an actual cashew-nut effluent, which is a real environmental problem in the Northeast region of Brazil. This system was characterized in terms of mass transfer coefficient (k(m) = 2.22 x 10(-5) m s(-1)), which led to a limiting current intensity of 1.91 A. Different parameters, such as, current density, kind of electrolyte and initial pH were evaluated considering the chemical oxygen demand removal, current efficiency, energy consumption, by-products generation and toxicity. The results clearly indicated that the addition of external electrolyte and the change of initial pH are two factors that do not lead to a significant improvement in the degradation of organic matter when compared to the treatment of the effluent as received. Conversely, an increase in current density promoted a COD removal up to 89%, after 150 min of oxidation, due to the enhancement of the generation rate of strong oxidants. Low production of carboxylic acids was also detected over time. Additionally, it seems that the treated effluent can be used to irrigate specific crops, like those applied to the production of renewable fuels, based on the toxicity tests performed. (C) 2018 The Electrochemical Society. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50945-4 - INCT 2014: National Institute for Alternative Technologies of Detection, Toxicological Evaluation and Removal of Micropollutants and Radioactivies
Grantee:Maria Valnice Boldrin
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants