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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Anxiety-like behavior and structural changes of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) in gestational protein-restricted male offspring

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Author(s):
Torres, D. B. [1, 2] ; Lopes, A. [1, 2] ; Rodrigues, A. J. [3] ; Cerqueira, J. J. [3] ; Sousa, N. [3] ; Gontijo, J. A. R. [1, 2] ; Boer, P. A. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Internal Med, Fetal Programming Lab, Fac Med Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Internal Med, Hydroelectrolyte Metab Lab, Nucleus Med & Expt Surg, Fac Med Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Minho, Life & Hlth Sci Res Inst, Sch Hlth Sci, Braga - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL ORIGINS OF HEALTH AND DISEASE; v. 9, n. 5, p. 536-543, OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Animal evidence has suggested that maternal emotional and nutritional stress during pregnancy is associated with behavioral outcomes in offspring. The nature of the stresses applied may differ, but it is often assumed that the mother's hippocampus-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HHPA) axis response releases higher levels of glucocorticoid hormones. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is in a pivotal position to regulate the HHPA axis and the stress response, and it has been implicated in anxiety behavior. In the current study, to search whether BNST structural changes and neurochemical alterations are associated with anxiety-related behavior in adult gestational protein-restricted offspring relative to an age-matched normal protein diet (NP) rats, we conduct behavioral tests and, BNST dendritic tree analysis by Sholl analysis, associated to immunoblotting-protein quantification {[}11 beta-HSD2, GR, MR, AT1R, 5HT1A and 5HT2A, corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRH) and CRH1]. Dams were maintained either on isocaloric standard rodent chow {[}with NP content, 17% casein or low protein content (LP), 6% casein] chow throughout their entire pregnancy. Here, in rats subjected to gestational protein restriction, we found: (a) a significant reduction in dendritic length and impoverished dendritic arborization in BNST neurons; (b) an elevated plasmatic corticosterone levels; and (c) associated with enhanced anxiety-like behavior when compared with age-matched NP offspring. Moreover, altered protein (11 beta-HSD2, GR, MR and type 1 CRH receptors) expressions may underlie the increase in anxiety-like behavior in LP offspring. This work represents the first demonstration that BNST developmental plasticity by maternal protein restriction, resulting in fine structural changes and neurochemical alterations that are associated with modified behavioral states. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/12486-5 - Fetal programming: on the kidney and neural ontogenesis
Grantee:Jose Antonio Rocha Gontijo
Support type: Regular Research Grants