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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

MALDI-TOF MS Assessment to Identify Environmental Mycobacteria

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de Paula Uzam, Camilla Pereira [1] ; Brianesi, Urze Adomaitis [1] ; Romagnoli, Camila [1] ; Gomes, Karen Machado [2] ; Duarte, Rafael Silva [2] ; Chimara, Erica [3] ; Franco de Oliveira, Julio Cezar [1] ; Vallim, Marcelo Affonso [1] ; Pascon, Renata Castiglioni [1] ; Viana-Niero, Cristina [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Ambientais Quim & Farmaceut, Diadema - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Microbiol Paulo de Goes, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[3] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Nucleo TB & Micobacterioses, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ADVANCES IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 5, n. 9, p. 620-629, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Over the past few decades, there has been a significant increase in the number of mycobacterial species described. Currently, the genus Mycobacterium consists of 170 species. Most species are called nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) and are potentially or rarely pathogenic and ubiquitous. One of the main challenges in mycobacteriology is the rapid and precise identification of these microorganisms. In this work, we compared two protein extraction protocols for the identification of 38 reference strains and clinical isolates, representing 27 species, by mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) to subsequently use the best method for identifying environmental mycobacteria. The results obtained with reference strains and clinical isolates showed that protocol A was effective in identifying 92.1% of mycobacterial specimens at the species level and protocol B, 50%. Therefore, protocol A was evaluated for the rapid identification of 27 environmental mycobacterial isolates. These isolates were subjected to PCR-restriction enzyme analysis (PRA-hsp65). Two isolates were misidentified by PRA-hsp65, whereas MALDI-TOF MS was able to identify them correctly. The results were confirmed by hsp65 and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Mass spectrometry has the advantage of being a simpler and faster technique than PRA-hsp65, and our results showed that MALDI-TOF MS is a valuable tool for the identification of environmental mycobacterial isolates. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/13140-0 - Isolation and identification of mycobacteria originating from untreated and treated water from Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo
Grantee:Urze Adomaitis Brianesi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 11/13271-7 - Molecular characterization of environmental mycobacteria and evaluation of degradation of hydrocarbons
Grantee:Camilla de Paula Pereira Uzam
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master