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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A taxonomic reassessment of Piramys auffenbergi, a neglected turtle from the late Miocene of Piram Island, Gujarat, India

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Ferreira, Gabriel S. [1, 2] ; Bandyopadhyay, Saswati [3] ; Joyce, Walter G. [4]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Eberhard Karls Univ Tubingen, Fachbereich Geowissensch, Tubingen - Germany
[3] Indian Stat Inst, Geol Studies Unit, Kolkata - India
[4] Univ Fribourg, Dept Geowissensch, Fribourg - Switzerland
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PeerJ; v. 6, NOV 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background: Piramys auffenbergi was described as an emydine turtle based on a well-preserved skull retrieved from late Miocene deposits exposed on Piram Island, India. The description and figures provided in the original publication are vague and do not support assignment to Emydinae. This taxon has mostly been ignored by subsequent authors. Material and Methods: We reexamine the holotype specimen, provide an extensive description and diagnosis for Piramys auffenbergi, and include this taxon in a global character-taxon matrix for Pleurodira. Results: The presence of a processus trochlearis pterygoidei conclusively shows pleurodiran affinities for Piramys auffenbergi. Inclusion of this taxon in a phylogenetic analysis retrieves it within Stereogenyini closely related to the Asian taxa Shweboemys pilgrimi and Brontochelys gaffneyi. Discussion: Our reexamination of the holotype of Piramys auffenbergi confidently rejects the original assessment of this taxon as an emydine testudinoid and conclusively shows affinities with the pleurodiran clade Stereogenyini instead. Even though most taxa from this lineage are thought to be coastal turtles, all Asian stereogenyines were collected from continental deposits, suggesting a more diverse paleoecology for the group. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/25379-5 - Evolution, morphology, and development of the pterygoid region in Testudines, focusing on Pleurodira
Grantee:Gabriel de Souza Ferreira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/03934-2 - Evolution and development of the jaw adductor chamber in turtles
Grantee:Gabriel de Souza Ferreira
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate