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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

L1 Cell Adhesion Molecule (L1CAM) expression in endometrioid endometrial carcinomas: A possible pre-operative surrogate of lymph vascular space invasion

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Author(s):
de Freitas, Daniela [1, 2] ; Aguiar, Fernando Nalesso [2] ; Anton, Cristina [2] ; Bacchi, Carlos Eduardo [3] ; Carvalho, Jesus Paula [2, 4] ; Carvalho, Filomena Marino [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, Fac Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Canc Estado Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Consultoria Patol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Fac Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 12 DEC 17 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Background Risk stratification of endometrial carcinomas is primarily based on surgical staging that requires extensive retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. One of the most powerful predictor of lymph node involvement is the lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI). The objective of this study was to determine the potential of L1 Cell Adhesion Molecule (L1CAM) to predict LVSI and its association with other risk factors in endometrioid endometrial carcinomas. Materials and methods We studied 47 consecutive patients aged 37-88 (61.34 +/- 10.52). Twenty-three patients (48.9%) were submitted to complete surgical staging. Nine patients (19.1%) underwent surgical staging without para-aortic dissection. Seven (14.9%) were submitted to hysterectomy with no lymph node dissection. Eight patients (17.0%) only had the biopsy material for analysis. The 32 patients submitted to lymphadenectomy were staged according to the FIGO system and classified among the risk categories of the ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO guidelines. The following histological characteristics were analyzed: tumor size (mm), depth of myometrial infiltration, presence of microcystic, elongated, and fragmented (MELF) pattern of myoinvasion, and lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI). Immunohistochemical analyses of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2, p53, and L1CAM were performed in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded whole tumor tissue sections. Results LVSI was identified in 26/41 (63,4%) of the cases. L1CAM was positive in 8/47 (17%) cases, all of them positive for LVSI and within the high-risk category of ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO. L1CAM-positive cases were associated with high histological grade and p53 aberrant immunohistochemical profile. Besides, it showed a trend to larger tumors, greater depth of myometrial infiltration, and with a higher frequency of the MELF pattern of myoinvasion. LVSI was also associated with FIGO stage, tumor size, depth of myometrial infiltration, and tumor grade. Conclusions L1CAM is highly associated with LVSI and could be used as a pre-operative predictor of lymph node involvement in endometrioid endometrial carcinomas. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/06717-8 - Role of adhesion molecules determined by immunohistochemical assays in the prediction of lymph node involvement and prognosis of endometrial carcinomas
Grantee:Filomena Marino Carvalho
Support type: Regular Research Grants