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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Identification of a metabolomic signature associated with feed efficiency in beef cattle

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Novais, Francisco Jose [1] ; Lisboa Pires, Pedro Ratto [1] ; Alexandre, Pamela Almeida [1] ; Dromms, Robert A. [2] ; Iglesias, Amadeu Hoshi [3] ; Sterman Ferraz, Jose Bento [1] ; Styczynski, Mark Philip-Walter [2] ; Fukumasu, Heidge [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Anim Sci & Food Engn, Dept Vet Med, Ave Duque de Caxias Norte 225, BR-13635900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Chem & Biomol Engn, Atlanta, GA 30332 - USA
[3] Apex Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC Genomics; v. 20, JAN 7 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 3

BackgroundRuminants play a great role in sustainable livestock since they transform pastures, silage, and crop residues into high-quality human food (i.e. milk and beef). Animals with better ability to convert food into animal protein, measured as a trait called feed efficiency (FE), also produce less manure and greenhouse gas per kilogram of produced meat. Thus, the identification of high feed efficiency cattle is important for sustainable nutritional management. Our aim was to evaluate the potential of serum metabolites to identify FE of beef cattle before they enter the feedlot.ResultsA total of 3598 and 4210m/z features was detected in negative and positive ionization modes via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. A single feature was different between high and low FE groups. Network analysis (WGCNA) yielded the detection of 19 and 20 network modules of highly correlated features in negative and positive mode respectively, and 1 module of each acquisition mode was associated with RFI (r=0.55, P<0.05). Pathway enrichment analysis (Mummichog) yielded the Retinol metabolism pathway associated with feed efficiency in beef cattle in our conditions.ConclusionAltogether, these findings demonstrate the existence of a serum-based metabolomic signature associated with feed efficiency in beef cattle before they enter the feedlot. We are now working to validate the use of metabolites for identification of feed efficient animals for sustainable nutritional management. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/01059-4 - Analysis in serum metabolomic associated with feed efficiency in Nellore
Grantee:Francisco José de Novais
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 14/07566-2 - Genomics applied to ruminant production
Grantee:José Bento Sterman Ferraz
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/02493-7 - Mammary tumors of dogs and the cancer stem cell theory: a comparative and translational approach
Grantee:Heidge Fukumasu
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants