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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Factors related to water quality and thresholds for microcystin concentrations in subtropical Brazilian reservoirs

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Fernandes Cunha, Davi Gasparini [1] ; Dodds, Walter Kennedy [2] ; Loisellec, Steven Arthur [3, 4]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Sao Carlos, Dept Hidraul & Saneamento, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Kansas State Univ, Div Biol, Ackert Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506 - USA
[3] Earthwatch Inst, Oxford - England
[4] Univ Siena, Dept Biotechnol Chem & Pharm, Siena - Italy
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: INLAND WATERS; v. 8, n. 3, p. 368-380, 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Studies of the environmental factors that lead to cyanotoxic blooms in tropical/subtropical reservoirs are limited. While technological advances for water treatment and remediation techniques can mitigate the effects of cyanobacterial blooms, the identification of initial drivers and tipping points for minimizing cyanotoxin concentrations could be more cost effective. We studied factors related to microcystin (MC) concentrations and estimated thresholds to limit MC using a water quality dataset from 6 subtropical Brazilian reservoirs. Reservoirs varied by water chemistry and toxin concentrations (MC yearly means <0.1-17 mu g/L). Phytoplankton community composition in most reservoirs was dominated by cyanobacteria, and both nitrogen-fixing and non-fixing genera were common. We found positive correlations (p < 0.05, Spearman's rank) between MC and nutrients (rho = 0.48-0.74) and chlorophyll a (Chl-a, rho = 0.65) and a negative correlation between MC and total nitrogen/total phosphorus (TN/TP, rho = -0.49). While no association between MC and water temperature was observed, MC normalized to Chl-a values were positively related to higher temperatures and lower wind velocities, indicating warmer and more stable waters had a higher probability of toxic blooms. We found thresholds for MC >= 0.1 and >= 1 mu g/L related to cyanobacterial cell counts of 20 060-136 165 cells/mL, respectively, and for turbidity (5-12 NTU) and TP (0.016-0.028 mg/L), respectively. We considered these MC concentrations (0.1 and 1 mu g/L) to account for different levels of toxin production. The thresholds were different from those published for temperate ecosystems but not consistently lower or higher. TN/TP molar ratios favored toxin concentration when <= 121, suggesting that less phosphorus in relation to nitrogen is necessary to allow MC production in subtropical freshwaters. High phosphorus concentrations can increase concentration of cyanotoxins in subtropical reservoirs, and our data confirm that global warming could exacerbate problems associated with toxic algal blooms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02088-5 - Nitrogen biological fixation and uptake by phytoplankton in subtropical reservoirs with different trophic status
Grantee:Davi Gasparini Fernandes Cunha
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/14176-1 - Macronutrient retention in Cerrado streams (SP) and its relationships with aquatic metabolism along gradients of environmental conditions: an ecosystem services' approach
Grantee:Davi Gasparini Fernandes Cunha
Support type: Regular Research Grants