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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Millennial- to Orbital-Scalp Responses of Western Equatorial Atlantic Thermocline Depth to Changes in the Trade Wind System Since the Last Interglacial

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Venancio, I. M. [1, 2] ; Mulitza, S. [2] ; Govin, A. [3] ; Santos, T. P. [4] ; Lessa, D. O. [2, 4] ; Albuquerque, A. L. S. [4] ; Chiessi, C. M. [5] ; Tiedemann, R. [6] ; Vahlenkamp, M. [2] ; Bickert, T. [2] ; Schulz, M. [2]
Total Authors: 11
[1] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Ctr Weather Forecasting & Climate Studies CPTEC, Cachoeira Paulista - Brazil
[2] Univ Bremen, MARUM Cr Marine Environm Sci, Bremen - Germany
[3] Univ Paris Saclay, Lab Sci Climat & Environm, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Inst Pierre Simon Laplace, Gif Sur Yvette - France
[4] Univ Fed Fluminense, Programa Posgrad Geoquim Ambiental, Niteroi, RJ - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res, Bremerhaven - Germany
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY; v. 33, n. 12, p. 1490-1507, DEC 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Surface ocean circulation in the western equatorial Atlantic is mainly wind driven and plays a major role for the transport of warm waters to the North Atlantic. Past changes in the strength and direction of the trade winds are well documented, but the response of the western equatorial Atlantic circulation and water column structure to these changes is unclear. Here we used the difference between the stable isotopic oxygen composition of two species of planktonic foraminifera (Globigerinoides ruber white and Neogloboquadrina dutertrei) from two sediment cores collected off northeastern Brazil to investigate millennial- and orbital-scale changes in upper ocean stratification since the Last Interglacial. Our records indicate enhanced upper ocean stratification during several Heinrich stadials, partly due to a shoaling of the thermocline, which was linked to a decrease in the strength of southeast trades winds. In addition, we show that a decrease in wind zonality induced by increases in Northern Hemisphere low-latitude summer insolation causes a shoaling of the thermocline in the western equatorial Atlantic. These ocean-atmosphere changes contributed to a reduction in the cross-equatorial transport of warm waters, particularly during Heinrich stadials and Marine Isotope Stage 4. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/17517-3 - Response of the Western Atlantic Ocean to changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation: from millennial to seasonal variability
Grantee:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Young Investigators