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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A sequential process to treat a cashew-nut effluent: Electrocoagulation plus electrochemical oxidation

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da Costa, Patricia R. F. [1] ; Costa, Emily C. Tossi de A. [1] ; Castro, Suely S. L. [2] ; Fajardo, Ana S. [1, 3] ; Martinez-Huitle, Carlos A. [4, 1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Inst Chem, P59078-970, Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] State Univ Rio Grande do Norte, Fac Exact & Nat Sci, Campus Cent, P59625-620, Mossoro, RN - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Postgrad Program Petr Engn Sci, Ctr Exact & Earth Sci, P59078-970, Natal, RN - Brazil
[4] Unesp, Natl Inst Alternat Technol Detect Toxicol Evaluat, Inst Chem, POB 355, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 1

The treatment of a real cashew-nut effluent has been studied using a pioneering sequential process involving electrocoagulation (EC) and electrochemical oxidation (EO) approaches. The performance of the system was analyzed in terms of chemical oxygen demand removal, by-products evolution, toxicity and energy consumption. Preliminary EC tests with Fe electrodes were performed at different current densities (8.33-100 mA cm(-2)), yielding COD removals among 17-51%. The residual iron concentration detected was below the Brazilian legal limits of discharge. The sludge obtained from the experiments at 8.33 and 100 mA cm(-2) revealed a heterogeneous morphology with interconnected laminar plates. Regarding their structure, the powders showed a mixture of poorly crystalline phases. The main elements identified were oxygen, carbon and iron, which allow proposing an alternative use of this powder for construction and building materials. Sequential experiments, using EC at 8.33 or 100 mA cm(-2) plus EO, intensified COD removals up to 51% and 80%, corresponding to 5 and 65 kWh m(-3) of energy consumption, respectively. To evaluate the by-products generated during EO treatment, the evolution of carboxylic acids and inorganic species (PO43-, NH4+, NO3-, NO2-) was followed. After that, phytotoxicity analyses were performed in order to assess water quality and its reuse in irrigation activities. Based on these results, the sequential experiment with EC by applying 8.33 mA cm(-2) plus EO (35.5 mA cm(-2)) was considered the most efficient and viable to depurate the real cashew-nut effluent. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50945-4 - INCT 2014: National Institute for Alternative Technologies of Detection, Toxicological Evaluation and Removal of Micropollutants and Radioactivies
Grantee:Maria Valnice Boldrin
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants