Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Compression of mortality: the evolution of the variability in the age of death in Latin America

Full text
Gonzaga, Marcos Roberto [1] ; Queiroz, Bernardo L. [2, 3] ; De Lima, Everton E. Campos [4]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte UFRN, Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Actuarial Sci, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Under Grad Programme Actuarial Sci, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE POBLACION; v. 12, n. 23, p. 9-35, JUL-DEC 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Latin American countries are undergoing major changes in their mortality profiles due to unique epidemiological and health transitions in the region. The main goal of this paper is to study the evolution of the mortality age profiles and the distribution of age at death for a series of Latin America countries in order to identify the effects of mortality changes on the variability of age at death. We use data from different and alternative sources (who, lahmd, and lambda) to study this issue in the region. We first evaluate the quality of national-level mortality data overtime in Latin American countries. Using a relational model, we estimate the mortality patterns by single year age-groups, for each country in Latin America. Lastly, we use traditional metrics of age at death variability to perform the analysis. Our results indicate that the quality of mortality data is improving over time for all countries we include. We also find a decrease in variability of age at death, and that the decrease has happened faster for females than for males. In recent years, increasing mortality due to external causes of deaths related to violence, have reduced the rise in life expectancy at birth and increased the variability in the age at death for several countries in the region. These results contribute to the study of mortality changes in Latin America looking at mortality compression and the variability of age at death. Over the last half-century there has been a reduction in the variability of age at death, but more recently, increases in external causes of death have been associated with a stagnation in the compression process. The analysis also provides some insight and questions about morbidity trends in the region. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/05129-4 - European Population Conference 2014
Grantee:Everton Emanuel Campos de Lima
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Meeting - Abroad