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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Combining phylogeography and future climate change for conservation of Bombus morio and B. pauloensis (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

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Francoso, Elaine [1] ; Zuntini, Alexandre Rizzo [2] ; Arias, Maria Cristina [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Rua Matao 277, Sala 320, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Rua Monteiro Lobato 255, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION; v. 23, n. 1, p. 63-73, FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

A worldwide decline of many bee species has been reported, but conversely some species seems to be in expansion. Nonetheless species truly in expansion may be overestimated, especially when they are considered as a whole, and information about intraspecific lineages is lacking. The objective of this study was to test whether the bumblebee species Bombus morio and B. pauloensis will be safe under future climate changes. Specifically, test if these bees will suffer geographic decline or expansion; test whether each phylogeographic lineage within B. pauloensis will respond differently in modeling of future geographic distribution given climate change; find stable areas holding high genetic diversity based on predicted future climatic changes; and test whether these areas are covered by existing protected areas. To reach the objectives we performed analyses using phylogeographic data already available and climate change information to model the demography of the panmictic B. morio and the phylogeographic lineages in B. pauloensis. Our results suggest that both species will suffer a reduction in suitable area and that the reduction in distribution is masked for B. pauloensis. When each clade was separately analyzed, the ones in the edge of the species distribution are the most likely to decline. We found a large future refuge in eastern state of SAo Paulo and state of Rio de Janeiro for B. morio and for the clades of B. pauloensis. This refuge seems to show high levels of species richness and endemism for different taxa. Thus, by protecting this area we will be preserving not only the pattern of biodiversity but also the processes that generate and maintain them for many other species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/07124-1 - Phylogeography of B. morio and B. atratus (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Grantee:Elaine Aparecida Françoso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/03961-1 - Comparative phylogeography and conservation of Bombus morio e Bombus pauloensis (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Grantee:Elaine Aparecida Françoso
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 10/20548-2 - Phylogeography of B. morio and B. pauloensis (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Grantee:Elaine Aparecida Françoso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 13/12530-4 - Population, evolutionary and genomic studies in bees
Grantee:Maria Cristina Arias
Support type: Regular Research Grants