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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Novel lawsone-containing ruthenium(II) complexes: Synthesis, characterization and anticancer activity on 2D and 3D spheroid models of prostate cancer cells

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De Grandis, Rone Aparecido [1] ; da Silva dos Santos, Patrick Wellington [2] ; de Oliveira, Katia Mara [3] ; Tomazela Machado, Ana Rita [2] ; Aissa, Alexandre Ferro [2] ; Batista, Alzir Azevedo [3] ; Greggi Antunes, Lusania Maria [2] ; Pavan, Fernando Rogerio [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, BR-14800903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, BR-13561901 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY; v. 85, p. 455-468, APR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 3

This study describes a series of newly synthesized phosphine/diimine ruthenium complexes containing the lawsone as bioligand with enhanced cytotoxicity against different cancer cells, and apoptosis induction in prostatic cancer cells DU-145. The complexes {[}Ru(law)(N-N)(2)]PF6 where N-N is 2,2'-bipyridine (1) or 1,10-phenanthroline (2) and {[}Ru(law)(dppm)(N-N)]PF6, where dppm means bis(diphenylphosphino)methane, N-N is 2,2'-bipyridine (3) or 1,10-phenanthroline (4), and law is lawsone, were synthesized and fully characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, NMR, UV-vis, IR spectroscopies and cyclic voltammetry. The interaction of the complexes (1-4) with DNA was evaluated by circular dichroism, gel electrophoresis, and fluorescence, and the complexes presented interactions by the minor grooves DNA. The phosphinic series of complexes exhibited a remarkably broad spectrum of anticancer activity with approximately 34-fold higher than cisplatin and 5-fold higher than doxorubicin, inhibiting the growth of 3D tumor spheroids and the ability to retain the colony survival of DU-145 cells. Also, the complex (4) inhibits DU-145 cell adhesion and migration potential indicating antimetastatic properties. The mechanism of its anticancer activity was found to be related to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, increased the BAX/BCL-2 ratio and subsequent apoptosis induction. Overall, these findings suggested that the complex (4) could be a promising candidate for further evaluation as a chemotherapeutic agent in the prostate cancer treatment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/00163-0 - Development and search of new antimicrobials against Tuberculosis: from screening to pre-clinical studies in vivo
Grantee:Fernando Rogério Pavan
Support type: Regular Research Grants
Grantee:Alzir Azevedo Batista
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/22429-7 - Toxicogenetics evaluation and study of antiproliferative response mechanisms of ruthenium-based metallodrugs containing naphthoquinones ligands in tumor cells growing in conventional and 3D systems
Grantee:Rone Aparecido de Grandis
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate