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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fast and continuous obtaining of Eu3+ doped CeO2 microspheres by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis: characterization and photocatalytic activity

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Santiago, A. A. G. [1] ; Neto, N. F. Andrade [1] ; Longo, E. [2] ; Paskocimas, C. A. [1] ; Motta, F. V. [1] ; Bomio, M. R. D. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, DEMAT, LSQM, Av Sen Salgado Filho 3000, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, UFSCar, CDMF, POB 676, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS; v. 30, n. 12, p. 11508-11519, JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

In this work, CeO2:xEu(3+) (x=0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.04 and 0.08mol%) microspheres were obtained by the fast and continuous ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method. Powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence analysis (XRF), scanning electronic microscopy (FESEM), Raman spectra, UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis) and photocatalytic activity. All XRD patterns were indexed by the cubic structure of the fluorite type, without the presence of secondary phases, indicating success in the Eu3+ doping in the CeO2 structure. In addition, The XRF analysis confirmed the presence of Eu in the CeO2 powders. In the Raman spectra of the samples occurs the vibrational mode F-2g, which is a characteristic band of materials with the fluorite type structure. Moreover, as the Eu3+ ion increased, it was noticed the appearance of additional bands referring to oxygen vacancies. FESEM showed that the CeO2:xEu(3+) particles have a spherical morphology with homogeneous chemical composition and particle size between 73 and 1560nm. It can be seen a slight increase of defects in their morphology as the Eu3+ ion increases. The band gap varies between 3.22 and 3.28eV, being influenced by defects in oxygen vacancies and the concentration of Ce3+ ion. The addition of Eu3+ generates the introduction of intermediary levels in the conduction band of CeO2, besides increasing the reactive species effects, favoring the photocatalysis of Rhodamine B dye. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/23891-6 - Computer modeling of condensed matter
Grantee:Alex Antonelli
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC