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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Residual stress effect on the fracture toughness of lithium disilicate glass-ceramics

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Author(s):
Villas-Boas, Mariana O. C. [1] ; Serbena, Francisco C. [2] ; Soares, Viviane O. [3] ; Mathias, Ivan [2] ; Zanotto, Edgar D. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Fed Univ Sao Carlos UFSCar, Dept Mat Engn DEMa, Vitreous Mat Lab LaMaV, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] State Univ Ponta Grossa UEPG, Dept Phys, Ponta Grossa, PR - Brazil
[3] State Univ Maringa UEM, Dept Sci, Goioere, PR - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of the American Ceramic Society; JULY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

In glass-ceramics (GCs), on cooling from the crystallization temperature, internal residual stresses are generated due to the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of the crystal phase(s) and the residual glass. These stresses could degrade or promote their mechanical properties. In this work, we varied the magnitude of the residual stresses in lithium silicate GCs by designing their microstructures. The level of internal stresses was measured using (Synchrotron) X-ray diffraction. The effects of anisotropy of thermal expansion, crystal shape, and intensity of the residual stresses were analyzed and compared using theoretical models. We extended the Hsueh-Becher model to include the thermal expansion anisotropy of the orthorhombic lithium disilicate (LS2) crystals. We found that the average residual stresses within the LS2 crystals are compressive or null (-100 to similar to 0) and highly anisotropic. Most importantly, within the limits of this study, we found no evidence for the influence of (compressive or null) residual stresses on the fracture toughness of the studied GCs. Within the crystal size range from 1 to 5 mu m, a highly crystallized volume fraction coupled to relatively large crystals (5 mu m) of high elastic modulus improved the glass-ceramic fracture toughness. This result can guide the microstructural design of novel tough GCs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07793-6 - CEPIV - Center for Teaching, Research and Innovation in Glass
Grantee:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC