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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Renewed diversification following Miocene landscape turnover in a Neotropical butterfly radiation

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Chazot, Nicolas [1, 2, 3] ; Willmott, Keith R. [4] ; Lamas, Gerardo [5] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [6, 7] ; Piron-Prunier, Florence [2] ; Arias, Carlos F. [8] ; Mallet, James [9] ; De-Silva, Donna Lisa [2] ; Elias, Marianne [2]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Gothenburg Global Biodivers Ctr, Gothenburg - Sweden
[2] Univ Antilles, Inst Systemat Evolut Biodiversite, CNRS MNHN UPMC EPHE, ISYEB, Sorbonne Univ, Paris - France
[3] Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Box 461, S-40530 Gothenburg - Sweden
[4] Univ Florida, Florida Museum Nat Hist, McGuire Ctr Lepidoptera & Biodivers, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
[5] Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Museo Hist Nat, Lima - Peru
[6] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Museu Zool, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[8] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Panama City - Panama
[9] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Populat Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY; v. 28, n. 8, p. 1118-1132, AUG 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Aim The landscape of the Neotropical region has undergone dynamic evolution throughout the Miocene, with the extensive Pebas wetland occupying western Amazonia between 23 and c. 10 Ma and the continuous uplift of the Andes mountains. The complex interaction between the Andes and Amazonia probably influenced the trajectory of Neotropical biodiversity, but evidence from time-calibrated phylogenies of groups that diversified during this period is lacking. We investigate the role of these landscape transformations in the dynamics of diversification in the Neotropical region using a 26-Myr-old endemic butterfly radiation. Location Neotropics. Time period Oligocene to present. Major taxa studied Ithomiini butterflies. Methods We generated one of the most comprehensive time-calibrated molecular phylogenies of a large clade of Neotropical insects, the butterfly tribe Ithomiini, comprising 340 species (87% of extant species) and spanning 26 Myr of diversification. We applied a large array of birth-death models and historical biogeography estimations to assess the dynamics of diversification and biotic interchanges, especially at the Amazonia-Andes interface. Results Our results suggest that the Amazonian Pebas wetland system played a major role in the timing and geography of diversification of Ithomiini, by constraining dispersal and diversification in the Amazon basin until c. 10 Ma. During the Pebas wetland period, Ithomiini diversification mostly took place in the Andes, where terrestrial habitats were not affected. An explosion of interchanges with Amazonia and with the Northern Andes accompanied the demise of the Pebas system (11-8 Ma) and was followed by local diversification in those areas, which led to a substantial renewal of diversification. Main conclusions Many studies on Neotropical diversity have focused only on the Andes, whereas we show that it is the waxing and waning of the Pebas mega-wetland, interacting with Andean uplift, that determined the timing and patterns of regional interchanges and diversification in Ithomiini. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50225-3 - Natural history, phylogeny and conservation of Neotropical Lepidoptera
Grantee:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/50260-6 - Structure and evolution of the Amazonian biota and its environment: an integrative approach
Grantee:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants