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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

LOXL3 Function Beyond Amino Oxidase and Role in Pathologies, Including Cancer

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Author(s):
Laurentino, Talita de S. [1] ; Soares, Roseli da S. [1] ; Marie, Suely K. N. [1] ; Oba-Shinjo, Sueli M. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Neurol, Lab Mol & Cellular Biol LIM 15, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES; v. 20, n. 14 JUL 2 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Lysyl oxidase like 3 (LOXL3) is a copper-dependent amine oxidase responsible for the crosslinking of collagen and elastin in the extracellular matrix. LOXL3 belongs to a family including other members: LOX, LOXL1, LOXL2, and LOXL4. Autosomal recessive mutations are rare and described in patients with Stickler syndrome, early-onset myopia and non-syndromic cleft palate. Along with an essential function in embryonic development, multiple biological functions have been attributed to LOXL3 in various pathologies related to amino oxidase activity. Additionally, various novel roles have been described for LOXL3, such as the oxidation of fibronectin in myotendinous junction formation, and of deacetylation and deacetylimination activities of STAT3 to control of inflammatory response. In tumors, three distinct roles were described: (1) LOXL3 interacts with SNAIL and contributes to proliferation and metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells; (2) LOXL3 is localized predominantly in the nucleus associated with invasion and poor gastric cancer prognosis; (3) LOXL3 interacts with proteins involved in DNA stability and mitosis completion, contributing to melanoma progression and sustained proliferation. Here we review the structure, function and activity of LOXL3 in normal and pathological conditions and discuss the potential of LOXL3 as a therapeutic target in various diseases. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/05777-1 - Functional role of enzyme LOXL3 in astrocytoma
Grantee:Talita de Sousa Laurentino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master