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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Teleseismic P Wave Tomography Beneath the Pantanal, Parana, and Chaco-Parana Basins, SE South America: Delimiting Lithospheric Blocks of the SW Gondwana Assemblage

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Author(s):
Rocha, M. P. [1] ; Assumpcao, M. [2] ; Affonso, G. M. P. C. [1] ; Azevedo, P. A. [3] ; Bianchi, M. [2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Brasilia, Inst Geosci, Seismol Observ, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, IAG, Dept Geophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ West Para, Inst Engn & Geosci, Santarem - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH; v. 124, n. 7, p. 7120-7137, JUL 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

We present velocity anomalies for the upper mantle beneath the Pantanal, Parana, and Chaco-Parana basins, using teleseismic P-wave tomography. Three hundred thirty-nine stations were used to record 4,989 events for P and PKIKP phases, during the years 1992-2017. A new temporary deployment with 34 stations improved the coverage in that region. A high-velocity anomaly beneath the Parana Basin was interpreted as a cratonic basement. Its northern portion is consistent with the cratonic block presented by Cordani et al. (1984), and the southern portion is consistent with that presented by Mantovani et al. (2005, ). Low velocities are consistent with the limits of the Rio de la Plata craton, proposed by Rapela et al. (2011, ). A low-velocity anomaly under the Pantanal Basin correlates with the seismicity, suggesting lithospheric thinning. This result is not consistent with an extension of the Rio Apa Block beneath the Pantanal Basin. We observed high velocities separating the Pantanal and South-Paraguay seismic zones. The Western Parana Suture (as proposed by Dragone et al., 2017, ) shows no correlation with the seismic tomography anomalies. The thick lithosphere in the central part of the Parana Basin is consistent with deviation of mantle flow, as suggested by SKS fast polarization (Melo \& AssumpcAo, 2018, ). Synthetic tests show low resolution of the model for structures smaller than 200 x 200 km in the southwest portion of the study area but good resolution for large structures. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/24215-6 - Pantanal-Chaco-Paraná basins (PCPB): crust and upper mantle seismic structure and evolution
Grantee:Marcelo Sousa de Assumpção
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants