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Epidemiology of Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis and Vector Distribution in Municipality of Araçatuba, São Paulo, Brazil.

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Graziella Borges Alves Inácio
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Araçatuba. 2019-09-05.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária. Araçatuba
Defense date:
Advisor: Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani; Lilian Aparecida Celebrusco Rodas

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has a wide geographical distribution on all continents, representing a serious Public Health problem. Sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) are important insect vectors of pathogenic microorganisms such as Leishmania spp., Bartonella spp. and arboviruses (Vesiculovirus, Phlebovirus, Orbivirus), however, these insects are of great importance for leishmaniasis transmission in various regions of the world, including South and Central America. In Brazil, there are two species related to the transmission of Leishmania infantum: Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia cruzi. Leishmania spp. infections are potentially zoonotic and affect men and various species of wild and domestic animals. Dogs are important hosts, sources of infections and potential reservoirs, not only for their close relationship or contact with humans, but also for their immunological inability to successfully respond to the disease. The Health Ministry of Brazil recommends for the diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL), the immunochromatographic test as a screening test and the enzyme immunoassay as confirmatory. It also recommends early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of human cases, vector control, dog euthanasia and health education activities in endemic areas for this disease. Therefore, prevention and control actions of canine VL were instituted in the urban area of municipality of Araçatuba, São Paulo, Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/24538-0 - Prevention and control actions of the Canine and Human Leishmaniasis, in a transdisciplinar perspective, in the city of Araçatuba, São Paulo, Brazil
Grantee:Graziella Borges Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate