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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Does sugarcane vinasse composition variability affect the bioenergy yield in anaerobic systems? A dual kinetic-energetic assessment

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Santos, Priscilla Soares [1] ; Zaiat, Marcelo [1] ; Oller do Nascimento, Claudio Augusto [2] ; Fuess, Lucas Tadeu [1, 2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, EESC, Sao Carlos Sch Engn, Biol Proc Lab, Ave Joao Dagnone 1100, BR-13563120 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, DEQ, EP, Chem Engn Dept, Polytech Sch, Ave Prof Lineu Prestes 580, Bloco 18 Conjunto Quim, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

The anaerobic processing of sugarcane vinasse has been recently highlighted as an effective approach to both mitigate negative impacts of its inadequate management and recover renewable energy through biogas production. However, basic aspects of the process still require further investigations, such as understanding the impacts of the compositional variability of vinasse on the overall performance of anaerobic systems. In this context, the impacts of different types of sugarcane vinasse, i.e., from annexed (VinAn) and autonomous (VinAu) ethanol plants and spirit production (VinAl), on methane production and organic matter removal were assessed under mesophilic conditions (37 degrees C) from a kinetic perspective. The energetic potential of the biogas was also investigated regarding micro (methane yield) and macro (contributions to the Brazilian energy matrix) scales. The availability of biodegradable organic matter and sulfate had a direct impact on the kinetics of methane production, associating a 2-fold higher initial methane production rate with VinAl (10.12 NmL h(-1)) compared to VinAn (5.95 NmL h(-1)) and VinAu (4.25 NmL h(-1)). However, the methane yield was not affected by the compositional variations (328-339 NmL-CH4 g(-1)COD), which indicates that vinasse may be efficiently used as substrate for bioenergy generation, regardless of its origin. The global energy production estimated for VinAn (24,816 GWh) was over 6- and 7-fold higher compared to VinAu (3984 GWh) and VinAl (3035 GWh) due to discrepancies in vinasse generation flow rates, potentially increasing the available renewable power supply in Brazil by 2.2% or over 1400% of the current bioenergy produced from biogas. Overall the electric energetic potential of sugarcane vinasses (14,486 GWh) could replace over 20% of natural gas or 90% of coal use in Brazil, satisfactorily decreasing the dependence on non-renewable energy sources. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/50684-9 - Sustainable gas pathways for Brazil: from microcosm to macrocosm
Grantee:Reinaldo Giudici
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/00080-5 - Enhancement of energy production from sugarcane in first generation biorefineries: biodigestion as the core conversion step
Grantee:Lucas Tadeu Fuess
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/06246-7 - Biorefinery concept applied to biological wastewater treatment plants: environmental pollution control coupled with material and energy recovery
Grantee:Marcelo Zaiat
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants