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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Advances and Perspectives in Applying Deep Learning for Drug Design and Discovery

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Author(s):
Lipinski, Celio F. [1] ; Maltarollo, Vinicius G. [2] ; Oliveira, Patricia R. [3] ; da Silva, Alberico B. F. [1] ; Honorio, Kathia Maria [4, 3]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Dept Quim & Fis Mol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Fac Farm, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN ROBOTICS AND AI; v. 6, NOV 5 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Discovering (or planning) a new drug candidate involves many parameters, which makes this process slow, costly, and leading to failures at the end in some cases. In the last decades, we have witnessed a revolution in the computational area (hardware, software, large-scale computing, etc.), as well as an explosion in data generation (big data), which raises the need for more sophisticated algorithms to analyze this myriad of data. In this scenario, we can highlight the potentialities of artificial intelligence (AI) or computational intelligence (CI) as a powerful tool to analyze medicinal chemistry data. According to IEEE, computational intelligence involves the theory, the design, the application, and the development of biologically and linguistically motivated computational paradigms. In addition, CI encompasses three main methodologies: neural networks (NN), fuzzy systems, and evolutionary computation. In particular, artificial neural networks have been successfully applied in medicinal chemistry studies. A branch of the NN area that has attracted a lot of attention refers to deep learning (DL) due to its generalization power and ability to extract features from data. Therefore, in this mini-review we will briefly outline the present scope, advances, and challenges related to the use of DL in drug design and discovery, describing successful studies involving quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) and virtual screening (VS) of databases containing thousands of compounds. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/24524-7 - STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND MOLECULAR MODELING STUDIES FOR NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC LIGANTS RELATED TO NEGLECTED DISEASES
Grantee:Kathia Maria Honorio
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/18840-3 - Applying transfer learning techniques and ontologies to QSAR regression models
Grantee:Patrícia Rufino Oliveira
Support type: Research Grants - Research Partnership for Technological Innovation - PITE