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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

An adaptive probabilistic atlas for anomalous brain segmentation in MR images

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Martins, Samuel Botter [1] ; Bragantini, Jordao [1] ; Falcao, Alexandre Xavier [1] ; Yasuda, Clarissa Lin [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Comp, Lab Image Data Sci LIDS, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Med Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Medical Physics; v. 46, n. 11, p. 4940-4950, NOV 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Purpose Automated segmentation of brain structures (objects) in MR three-dimensional (3D) images for quantitative analysis has been a challenge and probabilistic atlases (PAs) are among the most well-succeeded approaches. However, the existing models do not adapt to possible object anomalies due to the presence of a disease or a surgical procedure. Post-processing operation does not solve the problem, for example, tissue classification to detect and remove such anomalies inside the resulting segmentation mask, because segmentation errors on healthy tissues cannot be fixed. Such anomalies very often alter the shape and texture of the brain structures, making them different from the appearance of the model. In this paper, we present an effective and efficient adaptive probabilistic atlas, named AdaPro, to circumvent the problem and evaluate it on a challenging task - the segmentation of the left hemisphere, right hemisphere, and cerebellum, without pons and medulla, in 3D MR-T1 brain images of Epilepsy patients. This task is challenging due to temporal lobe resections, artifacts, and the absence of contrast in some parts between the structures of interest. Methods In AdaPro, we first build one probabilistic atlas per object of interest from a training set with normal 3D images and the corresponding 3D object masks. Second, we incorporate a texture classifier based on convex optimization which dynamically indicates the regions of the target 3D image where the PAs (shape constraints) should be further adapted. This strategy is mathematically more elegant and avoids problems with post-processing. Third, we add a new object-based delineation algorithm based on combinatorial optimization and diffusion filtering. AdaPro can then be used to locate and delineate the objects in the coordinate space of the atlas or of the test image. We also compare AdaPro with three other state-of-the-art methods: an statistical shape model based on synergistic object search and delineation, and two methods based on multi-atlas label fusion (MALF). Results We evaluate the methods quantitatively on 3D MR-T1 brain images of 2T and 3T from epilepsy patients, before and after temporal lobe resections, and on the template and native coordinate spaces. The results show that AdaPro is considerably faster and consistently more accurate than the baselines with statistical significance in both coordinate spaces. Conclusion AdaPro can be used as a fast and effective step for brain tissue segmentation and it can also be easily extended to segment subcortical brain structures. By choice of its components, probabilistic atlas, texture classifier, and delineation algorithm, it can also be extended to other organs and imaging modalities. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/12236-1 - AnImaLS: Annotation of Images in Large Scale: what can machines and specialists learn from interaction?
Grantee:Alexandre Xavier Falcão
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07559-3 - BRAINN - The Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology
Grantee:Fernando Cendes
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 18/08951-8 - PyIFT: image processing using image foresting transform in Python
Grantee:Jordão Okuma Barbosa Ferraz Bragantini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation