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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

X-ray microtomography analysis of soil pore structure dynamics under wetting and drying cycles

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Author(s):
Pires, Luiz F. [1] ; Auler, Andre C. [2] ; Roque, Waldir L. [3] ; Mooney, Sacha J. [4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] State Univ Ponta Grossa UEPG, Dept Phys, Lab Phys Appl Soils & Environm Sci, BR-84030900 Ponta Grossa, PR - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Soils & Agr Engn, BR-80035050 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Paraiba, Dept Sci Computat, Petr Engn Modelling Lab, BR-58051900 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[4] Univ Nottingham, Sch Biosci, Div Agr & Environm Sci, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, Leics - England
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Geoderma; v. 362, MAR 15 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The soil water retention curve is one of the most important properties used to predict the amount of water available to plants, pore size distribution and hydraulic conductivity, as well as knowledge for drainage and irrigation modeling. Depending on the method of measurement adopted, the water retention curve can involve the application of several wetting and drying (W-D) cycles to a soil sample. The method assumes soil pore structure is constant throughout however most of the time soil structure is dynamic and subjected to change when submitted to continuous W-D. Consequently, the pore size distribution, as well as other soil morphological properties can be affected. With this in mind, high resolution X-ray Computed micro-Tomography was utilized to evaluate changes in the soil pore architecture following W-D cycles during the procedure of the water retention curve evaluation. Two different soil sample volumes were analyzed: ROIW (whole sample) and ROIHC (the region close to the bottom of the sample). The second region was selected due to its proximity to the hydraulic contact of the soil with the water retention curve measurement apparatus. Samples were submitted to the following W-D treatments: 0, 6 and 12 W-D. Results indicated the soil changed its porous architecture after W-D cycles. The image-derived porosity did not show differences after W-D cycles for ROIW; while for ROIHC it increased porosity. The porosity was also lower in ROIHC in comparison to ROIW. Pore connectivity improved after W-D cycles for ROIHC, but not for ROIW. W-D cycles induced more aligned pores for both ROIs as observed by the tortuosity results. Pore shape showed changes mainly for ROIW for the equant and triaxial shaped pores; while pore size was significantly influenced by the W-D cycles. Soil water retention curve measurements showed that W-D cycles can affect water retention evaluation and that the changes in the soil morphological properties can play an important role in it. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/50305-8 - A virtual joint centre to deliver enhanced nitrogen use efficiency via an integrated soil-plant systems approach for the UK & Brazil
Grantee:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants