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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Soil mechanical scarification increases the dry matter yield of cover crops under no-tillage

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Vagner do Nascimento [1] ; Orivaldo Arf [2] ; Marlene Cristina Alves [3] ; Epitácio José de Souza [4] ; Paulo Ricardo Teodoro da Silva [5] ; Flávio Hiroshi Kaneko [6] ; Michelle Traete Sabundjian [7] ; Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho [8] ; Fernando Shintate Galindo [9]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Universidade Estadual de Londrina. Centro de Ciências Agrárias. Departamento de Agronomia - Brasil
[2] Universidad Estatal Paulista. Faculdade de Engenharia. Departamento de Fitotecnia, Tecnologia de Alimentos e Sócio-Economia - Brasil
[3] Universidad Estatal Paulista. Faculdade de Engenharia. Departamento de Fitossanidade - Brasil
[4] Instituto de Educação Superior de Rio verde. Faculdade Objetivo - Brasil
[5] Fundação Chapadão - Brasil
[6] Instituto Federal do Triângulo Mineiro - Brasil
[7] Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Agrárias de Itapeva - Brasil
[8] Universidad Estatal Paulista. Faculdade de Engenharia. Departamento de Fitossanidade - Brasil
[9] Universidad Estatal Paulista. Faculdade de Engenharia - Brasil
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: Idesia; v. 37, n. 4, p. 29-39, 2019-12-00.

ABSTRACT Soil mechanical scarification (MS) and cover crop growing (CC) are strategies to minimize compaction in the soil surface layer under the no-tillage system (NTS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of soil mechanic scarification on the yield and nutrient accumulation in the shoot dry matter of cover crops, as well as the persistence of crop residues in NTS, implemented 12 years ago in the Cerrado conditions with low altitude. The study was carried out in Selvíria, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, in the 2012 and 2013 harvest, in a clay soil classified as Oxisol Red epi-eutrophic alic. The experimental design was a randomized block arranged in a 5 X 2 factorial scheme, with four replicates. The treatments were constituted by the combination of four cover crops (Cajanus cajan, Crotalaria juncea, Urochloa ruziziensis and Pennisetum glaucum) and fallow with spontaneous vegetation, with or without MS. Soil MS increases the shoot dry matter yield of P. glaucum, U. ruziziensis and C. cajan in the first crop. The P. glaucum species, independently of soil scarification, provide higher yield and accumulation of macronutrients in the shoot dry matter, besides provide higher persistence of crop residues. The U. ruziziensis and C. cajan, independently of soil scarification, have the potential for accumulation of N, P, K and Ca in the shoot dry matter, although with less persistence of residues on the soil surface. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/05945-0 - Management impacts of a no tillage system on attributes of soil and growth and yield of upland rice and beans "the winter" sprinkler irrigation
Grantee:Vagner do Nascimento
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate