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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Behavioral responses of Diaphorina citrito host plant volatiles in multiple-choice olfactometers are affected in interpretable ways by effects of background colors and airflows

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Volpe, Haroldo Xavier Linhares [1] ; Zanardi, Odimar Zanuzo [1] ; Magnani, Rodrigo Facchini [2, 1] ; Luvizotto, Rejane Angelica Grigio [1] ; Esperanca, Victoria [1] ; de Freitas, Renato [1] ; Delfino, Jennifer Yslaine [1] ; Mulinari, Tatiana Aparecida [1] ; de Carvalho, Romulo Igor [1] ; Wulff, Nelson Arno [1] ; de Miranda, Marcelo Pedreira [1] ; Pena, Leandro [1, 3]
Total Authors: 12
[1] Fund Citrus Protect Fundecitrus, Dept Res & Dev, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Consejo Super Invest, Inst Biol Mol & Celular Plantas, Valencia - Spain
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 15, n. 7 JUL 6 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

In several phytophagous hemipterans, behavior appears to be mediated by both visual and chemical cues. For the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP)Diaphorina citri(Hemiptera: Liviidae), olfactometric assays are generally difficult to interpret owing to the low proportion of individuals responding to odors (similar to 30-40%), which compromises the efficiency and reliability of the results of behavioral tests. In the present study, the ACP behavioral response to emitted odors from sweet orange (Citrus sinensisL. Osbeck) flushes in a 4-arm olfactometer using different colors (four white-, two white- and two yellow- on opposite sides, or four yellow-colored fields), and the role of the airflow in the concentration of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were assessed at two airflows {[}0.4 and 0.1 L/min (LPM)]. Exposure to `Pera' sweet orange or clean air in treatments with four yellow-colored-fields increased the response rate of ACP females to the odor sources compared with exposure to `Pera' sweet orange or clean air in treatments with four white-colored-fields, independently of the odor source and airflow tested. For the assays using two white- and two yellow-colored fields on opposite sides and 0.4 or 0.1 LPM airflow, the residence time of ACP females to odors ('Pera' sweet orange or clean air) was similar or higher in treatments using yellow- than those using white-colored fields. For both assays (VOCs and olfactometric behavioral parameters), the reduction in airflow from 0.4 to 0.1 LPM greatly changed the airborne concentration and ACP behavior. Quantitative chemical analyses revelead that the concentration of most compounds emitted by `Pera' sweet orange flushes for the headspace using 0.1 LPM airflow were greater than the concentrations measured using 0.4 LPM airflow. Therefore, this treatment design provides an useful tool to assess the ACP behavioral response to the odors from citrus plants, and it can also help in the discrimination of dose-response screenings for VOCs or conspecific insects. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/07011-3 - Biotechnological approaches to the control of citrus huanglongbing using transgenic plants
Grantee:Leandro Antonio Peña Garcia
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/21460-0 - Measures for reducing primary infections in the integrated management of Huanglongbing in São Paulo citrus belt: technical and economic feasibility
Grantee:Renato Beozzo Bassanezi
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants