Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Client reef fish tolerate closer human approaches while being cleaned

Full text
Giglio, V. J. [1] ; Nunes, J. A. C. C. [2] ; Ferreira, C. E. L. [3] ; Blumstein, D. T. [4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Inst Mar, Lab Ecol & Conservacao Marinha, BR-11070100 Santos, SP - Brazil
[2] Reef Ecol Grp, Salvador, BA - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Fluminense, Dept Biol Marinha, Lab Ecol & Conservacao Ambientes Recifais, Niteroi, RJ - Brazil
[4] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Los Angeles, CA - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY; v. 312, n. 3 JUL 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

On tropical reefs, cleaning interactions, in which a fish or shrimp cleaner removes ectoparasites from a client fish, are common. Such cleaning interactions have been shown to reduce physiological stress in the clients. We asked whether the process of cleaning by a cleaner wrasseThalassoma noronhanunmodified a fish client's risk assessment, hypothesizing that the benefits of being cleaned may modify the cost avoiding a potential disturbance or predator. We experimentally approached fish of two species (a parrotfishSparisoma amplumand a squirrelfishHolocentrus adscensionis) when they were being cleaned and when they were not being cleaned, and measured the client's flight initiation distance (FID) - a metric of risk assessment. Both client fish species tolerated similar to 30% closer approach when being cleaned. The body size of the client did not affect FID in either species, and the number of cleaners present did not influence FID of squirrelfish, but parrotfish who received cleaning from two cleaners had longer FID. These findings imply that fish being cleaned modify their risk assessment, and these results add to a list of potential costs fish clients face in this fascinating mutualism. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/22273-0 - Ecological effects of recreational diving in subtropical marine protected areas
Grantee:Vinicius Jose Giglio Fernandes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate