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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Assessing the measurement invariance and antecedents of legal cynicism in Sao Paulo, Zurich, and Montevideo

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Author(s):
Nivette, Amy [1] ; Trajtenberg, Nico [2] ; Eisner, Manuel [3, 4] ; Ribeaud, Denis [4] ; Tourinho Peres, Maria Fernanda [5]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Utrecht, Dept Sociol, Padualaan 14, NL-3584 CH Utrecht - Netherlands
[2] Cardiff Univ, Sch Social Sci, Cardiff - Wales
[3] Univ Cambridge, Inst Criminol, Cambridge - England
[4] Univ Zurich, Jacobs Ctr Prod Youth Dev, Zurich - Switzerland
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Med Prevent, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE; v. 83, p. 83-94, AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Introduction: This paper accomplishes two goals. First, we assesses the measurement invariance of legal cynicism among adolescents in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Montevideo, Uruguay, and Zurich, Switzerland. Second, we evaluate a series of social and individual antecedents that are expected to influence legal cynicism across contexts. Methods: This paper first evaluates the measurement invariance of legal cynicism using Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis with three randomized clustered samples of adolescents in Zurich (n = 1447), Sao Paulo (n = 2680) and Montevideo (n = 2204). Second, we assessed the correlates for legal cynicism in each city using structural equation modelling techniques. Results: The results demonstrated metric invariance, but not scalar invariance among adolescents in Sao Paulo, Zurich, and Montevideo. We were able to establish partial measurement invariance for legal cynicism in Sao Paulo and Zurich, and therefore proceeded with the comparison of latent means and antecedents. The results show that on average legal cynicism is higher in Zurich, but that the size and strength of antecedents were similar across cities. Low self-control was by far the strongest correlate of legal cynicism. Conclusions: Overall, our results suggest that current operationalizations of legal cynicism may not be rooted in social structural context and experiences with legal authorities, but rather reflect how individuals interpret legal boundaries and dispositions towards rule-breaking. Researchers must reconsider how legal cynicism fits into models of legal socialization, and whether developmental models of self-control may help us understand the origins and nature of legal cynicism, as it is currently measured. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/22259-4 - Risk and protective factors for adolescent violent behaviour in Sao Paulo, Brazil - The Sao Paulo Project on the Social Development of Children
Grantee:Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Support type: Regular Research Grants