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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Detection of Zika and dengue viruses in wild-caught mosquitoes collected during field surveillance in an environmental protection area in Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Barrio-Nuevo, Karolina Morales [1] ; Cunha, Mariana Sequetin [2] ; Luchs, Adriana [3] ; Fernandes, Aristides [1] ; Rocco, Iray Maria [2] ; Mucci, Luis Filipe [4] ; de Souza, Renato Pereira [2] ; Medeiros-Sousa, Antonio Ralph [1] ; Ceretti-Junior, Walter [1] ; Marrelli, Mauro Toledo [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Epidemiol Dept, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Virol Ctr, Vectorborne Dis Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Virol Ctr, Enter Dis Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] State Hlth Dept, Superintendency Control Endem Dis, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 15, n. 10 OCT 16 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Species of the genus Flavivirus are widespread in Brazil and are a major public health concern. The country's largest city, Sao Paulo, is in a highly urbanized area with a few forest fragments which are commonly used for recreation. These can be considered to present a potential risk of flavivirus transmission to humans as they are home simultaneously to vertebrate hosts and mosquitoes that are potential flavivirus vectors. The aim of this study was to conduct flavivirus surveillance in field-collected mosquitoes in the Capivari-Monos Environmental Protection Area (EPA) and identify the flavivirus species by sequence analysis in flavivirus IFA-positive pools. Monthly mosquito collections were carried out from March 2016 to April 2017 with CO2-baited CDC light traps. Specimens were identified morphologically and grouped in pools of up to 10 individuals according to their taxonomic category. A total of 260 pools of non-engorged females were inoculated into C6/36 cell culture, and the cell suspensions were analyzed by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) after the incubation period. IFA-positive pools were tested by qRT-PCR with genus-specific primers targeting the flavivirus NS5 gene to confirm IFA-positive results and sequenced to identify the species. Anopheles cruzii (19.5%) and Wyeomyia confusa (15.3%) were the most frequent vector species collected. IFA was positive for flaviviruses in 2.3% (6/260) of the sample pools. This was confirmed by qRT-PCR in five pools (83.3%). All five flavivirus-positive pools were successfully sequenced and the species identified. DENV serotype 2 (DENV-2) was detected in Culex spp. and Culex vaxus pools, while ZIKV was identified in An. cruzii, Limatus durhamii and Wy. confusa pools. To the best of our knowledge, detection of flavivirus species of medical importance has never previously been reported in these species of wild-caught mosquitoes. The finding of DENV-2 and ZIKV circulating in wild mosquitoes suggests the existence of an enzootic cycle in the area. In-depth studies of DENV-2 and ZIKV, including investigation of mosquito infection, vector competence and infection in sylvatic hosts, are needed to shed light on the transmission dynamics of these important viruses and the potential risk of future outbreaks of DENV-2 and ZIKV infections in the region. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/10919-4 - Epidemiologic aspects of human and simian malaria in areas of Atlantic Forest in the vicinity of the City of São Paulo: study the Anopheles fauna and natural infection by Plasmodium sp. in Parelheiros and Serra da Cantareira
Grantee:Ana Maria Ribeiro de Castro Duarte
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50444-5 - Biodiversity of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Parque Estadual da Cantareira, and in the Environmental Protection Area Capivari-Monos, State of São Paulo
Grantee:Mauro Toledo Marrelli
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants