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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Diversity of Soil Gamasine Mites (Acari: Mesostigmata: Gamasina) in an Area of Natural Vegetation and Cultivated Areas of the Cerrado Biome in Northern Brazil

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Brandao de Azevedo, Emiliano [1, 2] ; Henrique Azevedo, Leticia [1] ; Moreira, Grazielle Furtado [3] ; dos Santos, Fabio Araujo [2] ; de Carvalho, Marcos Alberto Francisco [2] ; Sarmento, Renato de Almeida [2] ; de Campos Castilho, Raphael [4, 1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Dept Agr Sci, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet FCAV, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Tocantins UFT, POB 66, BR-77402970 Gurupi, Tocantins - Brazil
[3] Ctr Univ Adventista Sao Paulo UNASP, BR-13445970 Engenheiro Coelho, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Entomol & Acarol, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: DIVERSITY-BASEL; v. 12, n. 9 SEP 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The Brazilian Cerrado biome has undergone major changes, with the incorporation of new areas for agricultural production. While this can certainly provide for the worldwide growing need for agricultural products, especially food, care should be taken to prevent possible environmental degradation. Worldwide, mites of the cohort Gamasina constitute the most abundant and diverse group of soil predatory mites, usually considered important in maintaining the ecological balance of natural environments. Little is known about the abundance and diversity of Gamasina in the Cerrado. The objective of the present work was to evaluate the abundance and diversity of Gamasina in soils of natural vegetation and of agroecosystems in Cerrado areas of the northern Brazilian state of Tocantins. This is considered the first step in the determination of possible role of the local predators as biological control agents, and their potential for practical use locally and elsewhere. Soil samples were taken monthly between July 2015 and June 2016. In total, 1373 Gamasina representing 45 species of 24 genera and 9 families were collected. The most abundant Gamasina belonged to Rhodacaridae in areas of the natural vegetation and to Ascidae in the agroecosystems. Abundance and diversity were much higher in the rainy than in the dry season. Rhodacarids and ascids have not been used commercially for pest control, but investigations conducted so far suggest their potential as biological control agents. The confirmation of this possibility and the development of techniques that would allow their maintenance in agricultural areas require subsequent research efforts. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/06282-4 - Edaphic predatory mites in the different biomes of Brazil and digital keys of identification
Grantee:Leticia Henrique de Azevedo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/12004-1 - Edaphic mites: diversity, relationship with the microbiota and ecology in natural and cultivated areas in Brazil, with the preparation of databases and keys to identify selected groups
Grantee:Raphael de Campos Castilho
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/14400-6 - Diversity of edaphic mites, with emphasis on mesostigmata, on crops and natural vegetation in the cerrado biome in state of Tocantins
Grantee:Emiliano Brandão de Azevedo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 18/14478-3 - Effect of agricultural crops on the diversity of Mesostigmata predator mites and prospecting for use in biological control
Grantee:Emiliano Brandão de Azevedo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate