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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Co-addition of humic substances and humic acids with urea enhances foliar nitrogen use efficiency in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.)

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Leite, Jose M. [1, 2] ; Arachchige, Pavithra S. Pitumpe [2] ; Ciampitti, Ignacio A. [2] ; Hettiarachchi, Ganga M. [2] ; Maurmann, Leila [3] ; Trivelin, Paulo C. O. [4] ; Prasad, P. V. Vara [2] ; Sunoj, S. V. John [2, 5, 6]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Soil Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
[2] Kansas State Univ, Dept Agron, Manhattan, KS 66506 - USA
[3] Kansas State Univ, Dept Chem, Manhattan, KS 66506 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Stable Isotopes, Piracicaba - Brazil
[5] Guangxi Univ, State Key Lab Conservat & Utilizat Subtrop Agrobi, Nanning, Guangxi - Peoples R China
[6] Guangxi Univ, Guangxi Key Lab Forest Ecol & Conservat, Nanning, Guangxi - Peoples R China
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: HELIYON; v. 6, n. 10 OCT 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Humic substances (HS) and humic acids (HA) are proven to enhance nutrient uptake and growth in plants. Foliar application of urea combined with HS and HA offers an alternative strategy to increase nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The objective of this study was to understand the effects of foliar application of HA and HS along with urea on NUE and response of different biometric, biochemical and physiological traits of sugarcane with respect to cultivar, mode of foliar application, geographic location and intervals of foliar application. To study this, two different independent Experiments were conducted in green house facilities at two different agro-climatic zones (USA and Brazil) using two different predominant varieties, modes and intervals of foliar applications. The three different foliar applications used in this study were (1) urea (U), (2) mixture of urea and HS (U+HS) and (3) HA(U+HS). In both Experiments, N-15 (nitrogen isotope) recovery or NUE was higher in U+HS followed by U+HS. However, magnitude of NUE changed according to the differences in two Experiments. Results showed that foliar application of U+HS and U+HS was rapidly absorbed and stored in the form of protein and starch. Also induced changes in photosynthesis, intrinsic water use efficiency, protein, total soluble sugars and starch signifying a synergistic effect of U+HS and U+HS on carbon and nitrogen metabolism. These results showed promising use of HS and HA with urea to improve NUE in sugarcane compared to using the urea alone. Simultaneously, mode,quantity, and interval of foliar application should be standardized based on the geographic locations and varieties to optimize the NUE. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21532-5 - Agronomic efficiency of nitrogen associated with humic acid in sugar cane
Grantee:José Marcos Leite
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate