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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The feasibility of smartphone based retinal photography for diabetic retinopathy screening among Brazilian Xavante Indians

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Malerbi, Fernando Korn [1, 2] ; Dal Fabbro, Amaury Lelis [3] ; Filho, Paulo Botelho Vieira [2] ; Franco, Laercio Joel [2, 3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Ophthalmol, Rua Botucatu 820, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Escola Paulista Med, Div Endocrinol, Rua Estado Israel 639, BR-04022001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Social Med, Rua Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice; v. 168, OCT 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Aims: To evaluate the feasibility of smartphone based retinal photography for diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening among Brazilian Xavante Indians and the yield of retinal images. Methods: A non-probabilistic cluster sample of 170 individuals with and without diabetes was enrolled for ocular examination with a portable retinal camera during DR screening at two Xavante Reservations. Due to operational conditions and to optimize the field work, only the larger Xavante villages were included. Images were obtained after pupil dilation; image analysis included assessment of quality, presence of media opacities and diabetic retinopathy grading whenever possible for individuals with diabetes. Results: A total of 157 individuals underwent the complete ocular imaging protocol, 95 with diabetes (60.5%). Among those with diabetes, 23 (24.2%) could not have DR graded because of media opacities. For those with gradable images, the frequency of DR was 22.2%; sight threatening DR was present in 9.7%. The main causes for ungradable images were cataracts and asteroid hyalosis. Conclusions: The presence of DR was higher than in previous studies, calling attention for its prevention in this vulnerable population. The screening model with a smartphone-based portable retinal camera is feasible and could increase screening coverage if associated with telemedicine. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/05634-0 - Diabetes mellitus and associated diseases in the adult Xavante population of the Indian Reservation of São Marcos - MT
Grantee:Laercio Joel Franco
Support type: Regular Research Grants