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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Biogeography of succulent spurges from Brazilian Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest (SDTF)

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Author(s):
Hurbath, Fernanda [1] ; Stubbs, Rebecca L. [2] ; Cordeiro, Ines [3] ; Cellinese, Nico [4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estado Minas Gerais, Unidade Passos, Ave Juca Stockler 1130, BR-37900106 Passos, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Zurich, Dept Systemat & Evolutionary Bot, Zurich - Switzerland
[3] Nucleo Pesquisa Curadoria Herbario SP, Inst Bot, Ave Miguel Stefano 3687, BR-04045972 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Florida, Florida Museum Nat Hist, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Taxon; v. 70, n. 1 DEC 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests (SDTFs) are found scattered throughout the Neotropics, from northwestern Mexico to northern Argentina, and southwestern and eastern Brazil, with eastern Brazil having the largest and most isolated fragment of SDTF, known as Caatinga. Growing knowledge from dated phylogenies and ancestral reconstruction studies suggests that SDTF lineages are nested in geographically structured phylogenies with clades highly restricted to each disjunct patch. To address these hypotheses, we investigated the biogeographic history of Euphorbia sect. Brasilienses, a group of succulent spurges from eastern Brazil's SDTF. To this aim, we assembled a concatenated matrix from 126 accessions with four markers (302 sequences from previous studies and 19 newly generated): one nuclear (ITS1) and three plastid (matK, ndhF, trnL-trnF) loci. Our results showed that clade Brasilienses and its sister group Stachydium diverged from a common ancestor during the Miocene around 16.5 Ma. Clade Stachydium was recovered with a mean crown age of 7.7 Ma, while clade Brasilienses was recovered as a relatively young group that started diversifying about 3.1 Ma. Biogeographic results showed that the ancestral range of the clade Stachydium + Brasilienses comprised the Andes and eastern Brazil's SDTF, therefore suggesting past connections between western and eastern South America. The ancestral range of clade Brasilienses was restricted to eastern Brazil SDTF, which contrasts with clade Stachydium, which was recovered with a broader ancestral range around Late Miocene. Our results suggest limited dispersal abilities, niche conservatisms and an origin for E. sect. Brasilienses pre-dating the Pleistocene. By contributing to the understanding of the origin and diversification of this group of endemic spurges, our study provides insights into the history of this SDTF in eastern South America. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/11812-1 - SYSTEMATICS, POPULATION GENETIC STRUCTURE AND PHYLOGEOGRAPHY OF EUPHORBIA SECT. BRASILIENSES V. W. STEINM. & DORSEY (EUPHORBIACEAE)
Grantee:Inês Cordeiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants