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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 (CB1R) Expression in Limbic Brain Structures After Acute and Chronic Seizures in a Genetic Model of Epilepsy

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Lazarini-Lopes, Willian [1, 2] ; da Silva-Junior, Rui M. P. [3, 2] ; Servilha-Menezes, Gabriel [2] ; Do Val-da Silva, Raquel A. [1] ; Garcia-Cairasco, Norberto [1, 2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Neurosci & Behav Sci Dept, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Dept Physiol, Neurophysiol & Expt Neuroethol Lab, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Dept Internal Med, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is related to several physiological processes, associated to the modulation of brain excitability, with impact in the expression of susceptibility and control of epileptic seizures. The cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1R) is widely expressed in the brain, especially in forebrain limbic structures. Changes in CB1R expression are associated with epileptic seizures in animal models and humans. The Wistar Audiogenic Rat (WAR) strain is a genetic model of epilepsy capable of mimicking tonic-clonic and limbic seizures in response to intense sound stimulation. The WAR strain presents several behavioral and physiological alterations associated with seizure susceptibility, but the ECS has never been explored in this strain. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize CB1R expression in forebrain limbic structures important to limbic seizure expression in WARs. We used a detailed anatomical analysis to assess the effects of acute and chronic audiogenic seizures on CB1R expression in several layers and regions of hippocampus and amygdala. WARs showed increased CB1R immunostaining in the inner molecular layer of the hippocampus, when compared to control Wistar rats. Acute and chronic audiogenic seizures increased CB1R immunostaining in several regions of the dorsal hippocampus and amygdala of WARs. Also, changes in CB1R expression in the amygdala, but not in the hippocampus, were associated with limbic recruitment and limbic seizure severity in WARs. Our results suggest that endogenous alterations in CB1R immunostaining in WARs could be associated with genetic susceptibility to audiogenic seizures. We also demonstrated CB1R neuroplastic changes associated with acute and chronic seizures in the amygdala and hippocampus. Moreover, the present study brings important information regarding CB1R and seizure susceptibility in a genetic model of seizures and supports the relationship between ECS and epilepsy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/00849-2 - Uncovering pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms involved in tumorigenesis by platforms for next-generation sequencing (NGS)
Grantee:Rui Milton Patrício da Silva Junior
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 19/02787-4 - Effects of cannabidiol vehiculated in nanoemulsion in rats submitted to the chemical model of temporal lobe epilepsy
Grantee:Gabriel Servilha Menezes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 14/50891-1 - INCT 2014: Translational Medicine
Grantee:Jaime Eduardo Cecilio Hallak
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/05957-8 - Epilepsies and neuropsyquiatric comorbidities: characterization of the effects of the treatment with cannabidiol and HUF-101 in in vivo and in vitro experimental models
Grantee:Norberto Garcia Cairasco
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants