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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Gamasina mite communities (Acari: Mesostigmata) in grain production systems of the southwestern Brazilian Amazon

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Author(s):
De Castro, Matheus C. [1] ; De Azevedo, Emiliano B. [1] ; Britto, Erika P. J. [2] ; Barreto, Marliton R. [2] ; Pitta, Rafael M. [3] ; Castilho, Raphael C. [1, 4] ; De Moraes, Gilberto J. [4]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, BR-78557267 Sinop, MG - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Agrosilvopastoral, BR-78550970 Sinop, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz Queiroz ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SYSTEMATIC AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY; v. 26, n. 1, p. 1-14, JAN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Emphasis has been given in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso to the implementation of more sustainable production practices, including what has been termed agrosilvopastoral production system (ASPS), which involves the integration of different types of land use in a same area along time, seeking increased ecological stability. The Gamasina mite group (order Mesostigmata) is usually diverse and abundant in non-cultivated soils, where they can prey on arthropods and nematodes; some are commercialized for biological pest control. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diversity and abundance of edaphic Gamasina in plots of grain production managed under conventional (alternating cultivation) system and under ASPS, both with the adoption of no-tillage cultivation, in the municipality of Sinop, Mato Grosso state. In samples of soil and litter taken biweekly from August 2015 to May 2016, 762 Gamasina representing 32 species of 21 genera and nine families were collected. Considering both systems together, the dominant Gamasina were quite different from those of other parts of Brazil. Calculated ecological indexes showed no major differences between the two systems, possibly because of the relatively short time since the implementation of ASPS. In both systems, Rhodacaridae was one of the dominant families (37.5% of the Gamasina), followed by Macrochelidae (20.9%) and Laelapidae (18.8%). The most abundant species were Multidentirhodacarus squamosus Karg (Rhodacaridae), a new species of Holostaspella (Macrochelidae) and Cosmolaelaps barbatus Moreira, Klompen and Moraes (Laelapidae). Future studies are warranted, allowing more time for the adoption of ASPS to produce possible ecological changes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/14478-3 - Effect of agricultural crops on the diversity of Mesostigmata predator mites and prospecting for use in biological control
Grantee:Emiliano Brandão de Azevedo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/12004-1 - Edaphic mites: diversity, relationship with the microbiota and ecology in natural and cultivated areas in Brazil, with the preparation of databases and keys to identify selected groups
Grantee:Raphael de Campos Castilho
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants