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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Herd-level associations between somatic cell counts and economic performance indicators in Brazilian dairy herds

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Goncalves, Juliano L. [1] ; Cue, I, Roger ; Lima Netto, Expedito P. [2] ; Gameiro, Augusto H. [1] ; dos Santos, V, Marcos
Total Authors: 5
[1] V, Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anim Sci, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Support Agcy Micro & Small Co Div Minas, Educampo Project, BR-30431285 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE; v. 104, n. 2, p. 1855-1863, FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The aims of the present study were to provide a portrait of the techno-economic status of dairy herds in Minas Gerais, Brazil, particularly with respect to bulk-tank somatic cell count (BTSCC) data, and to examine the herd-level associations of BTSCC with various economic performance indicators (EPI). Data from 543 herds, 1,052 herd-year records in total, spread over 3 years (2015-2017), from the South and Southwest mesoregions of Minas Gerais State were provided by the Brazilian Support Agency to Micro and Small Companies Division Minas Gerais (SEBRAE). Herds had an average of 82 lactating cows per herd, milk yield of 17 L/cow per day, and availability of financial information via routine monthly economic surveys. The EPI data (revenue, gross margin, GM; net margin, NM; profit; break-even point; and operational profitability) of each herd was measured monthly by SEBRAE personnel, and herd-year averages of all variables were computed. Bulk-tank data (SCC, total bacterial count, content of crude protein and fat) taken by producers or dairy processors were recorded by SEBRAE personal; and corresponding herd-year averages were calculated and included in the SEBRAE database. There were 209 selected herds, which passed all edit checks, and which had data for all 3 years. The EPI (all expressed on a per-cow basis, \$/cow per year) were analyzed, including the effects of region, year, log (In) BTSCC, production level, and herd size, together with the random effect of herd nested within region. A high proportion of herds (94.6%) presented data records (herd-years) with an average BTSCC > 200 x 10(3) cells/mL: 37.8% of herd-year records had BTSCC between >200 and <= 400, 14.5% with BTSCC between >400 and <= 500, 25% with BTSCC between >500 and <= 750, and 17.3% with BTSCC >750. For each unit increase in In BTSCC, revenue declined by \$228.5/cow per year, GM by \$155.6/cow per year, and profit by \$138.6/cow per year. Herds with cows of lower production (<14 kg/d) presented lower GM (\$286.8/cow per year) compared with herds containing cows producing >= 14 kg/d (>= 14 and <19 kg/d = \$446.5, and >= 19 kg/d = \$601.9). The small-scale milk producers (<39 lactating cows) presented lower revenue (\$1,914.9/cow per year) and GM (\$274.5/cow per year) and consequently a negative profit (-\$224.1/cow per year) compared with other herd size categories (>= 39 lactating cows). The reduction in milk yield was 641 I./cow per lactation for each unit increase in In BTSCC; this represented 9.4% of the milk yield per lactation, assuming an average milk production of 6,843.3 L/cow per lactation of cows from herds that had BTSCC <= 200 x 10(3) cells/mL. Consequently, we found a negative association of BTSCC with profit; profit declining from \$227.0 to -53.1/cow per year when the BTSCC increased from 100 to 750 x 10(3) cell/mL. In short, the lower the BTSCC, the greater the revenue, GM and NM, profit, and operational profitability of the herds. The reduction of milk yield was the main factor associated with higher BTSCC. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/17411-6 - Economic impact and profile of etiologic agents of bovine mastitis
Grantee:Marcos Veiga dos Santos
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/04570-1 - Impact of subclinical mastitis on cost of production and milk quality in dairy herds
Grantee:Juliano Leonel Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/23613-8 - Impact of subclinical mastitis on cost of production and milk quality in dairy herds
Grantee:Juliano Leonel Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate