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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

On Broken Ne(c)ks and Broken DNA: The Role of Human NEKs in the DNA Damage Response

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Betim Pavan, Isadora Carolina [1] ; de Oliveira, Andressa Peres [1] ; Firmino Dias, Pedro Rafael [1] ; Basei, Fernanda Luisa [1] ; Issayama, Luidy Kazuo [1] ; Ferezin, Camila de Castro [2] ; Silva, Fernando Riback [1] ; Rodrigues de Oliveira, Ana Luisa [1] ; Alves dos Reis Moura, Livia [1] ; Martins, Mariana Bonjiorno [1, 2] ; Simabuco, Fernando Moreira [3] ; Kobarg, Joerg [1, 2]
Total Authors: 12
[1] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Grad Program Ciencias Farmaceut, R Candido Portinari 200, Predio 2, BR-13083871 Campinas - Brazil
[2] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem & Tissue Biol, Grad Program Biol Func & Mol, BR-13083857 Campinas - Brazil
[3] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Appl Sci, BR-13484350 Limeira - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Review article
Source: CELLS; v. 10, n. 3 MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

NIMA-related kinases, or NEKs, are a family of Ser/Thr protein kinases involved in cell cycle and mitosis, centrosome disjunction, primary cilia functions, and DNA damage responses among other biological functional contexts in vertebrate cells. In human cells, there are 11 members, termed NEK1 to 11, and the research has mainly focused on exploring the more predominant roles of NEKs in mitosis regulation and cell cycle. A possible important role of NEKs in DNA damage response (DDR) first emerged for NEK1, but recent studies for most NEKs showed participation in DDR. A detailed analysis of the protein interactions, phosphorylation events, and studies of functional aspects of NEKs from the literature led us to propose a more general role of NEKs in DDR. In this review, we express that NEK1 is an activator of ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR), and its activation results in cell cycle arrest, guaranteeing DNA repair while activating specific repair pathways such as homology repair (HR) and DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. For NEK2, 6, 8, 9, and 11, we found a role downstream of ATR and ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) that results in cell cycle arrest, but details of possible activated repair pathways are still being investigated. NEK4 shows a connection to the regulation of the nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair of DNA DSBs, through recruitment of DNA-PK to DNA damage foci. NEK5 interacts with topoisomerase II beta, and its knockdown results in the accumulation of damaged DNA. NEK7 has a regulatory role in the detection of oxidative damage to telomeric DNA. Finally, NEK10 has recently been shown to phosphorylate p53 at Y327, promoting cell cycle arrest after exposure to DNA damaging agents. In summary, this review highlights important discoveries of the ever-growing involvement of NEK kinases in the DDR pathways. A better understanding of these roles may open new diagnostic possibilities or pharmaceutical interventions regarding the chemo-sensitizing inhibition of NEKs in various forms of cancer and other diseases. (AU)

Grantee:Mariana Bonjiorno Martins
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 17/21067-7 - Analysis of the role of NEK1 in the regulation of the response to nuclear and mitochondrial DNA damage
Grantee:Mariana Bonjiorno Martins
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 17/03489-1 - From functional studies to searching for new inhibitors for cancer: exploring kinases that regulate the cell cycle of the human NEK family
Grantee:Jörg Kobarg
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants