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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Slowly progressive behavioral frontotemporal dementia syndrome in a family co-segregating the C9orf72 expansion and a Synaptophysin mutation

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Author(s):
Prota, Joana [1, 2] ; Rizzi, Liara [3] ; Bonadia, Luciana [1, 2] ; de Souza, Leonardo Cruz [4] ; Caramelli, Paulo [4] ; Secolin, Rodrigo [1, 2] ; Lopes-Cendes, Iscia [1, 2] ; Balthazar, Marcio L. F. [3, 1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Brazilian Inst Neurosci & Neurotechnol BRAINN, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Med Sci, Dept Med Genet & Genom Med, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Neurol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Fed Univ Minas Gerais UFMG, Dept Internal Med, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: ALZHEIMERS & DEMENTIA; JUL 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Introduction Synaptophysin, already related to X-linked intellectual disability, is expressed mainly in the central nervous system. Studies in humans indicate that the downregulation of synaptophysin could be involved in the development of dementia. Our study presents the first familial case of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia associated with the co-occurrence of the repeat expansion in C9orf72 and a pathogenic variant in the SYP gene. Methods Exome sequencing and repeat-primed PCR for C9orf72 were performed for two siblings with clinical and imaging findings suggestive of slowly progressive behavioral frontotemporal dementia. Results We found that both siblings have the hexanucleotide expansion in C9orf72 and a null variant in the SYP gene. The most affected sibling presents the putative variant in a hemizygous state. With milder symptoms, his sister has the same pathogenic variant in heterozygosis, compatible with X-linked inheritance. Discussion Our results strengthened previous suggestive evidence that the phenotypes associated with C9orf72 repeat expansion are variable and probably influenced by additional genetic modifiers. We hypothesized that the pathogenic variant in the SYP gene might have modified the typical phenotype associated with the C9orf72 mutation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/15571-7 - Mapping the progression of subjective cognitive decline to mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer´s disease dementia with multimodal biomarkers
Grantee:Marcio Luiz Figueredo Balthazar
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants - Phase 2
FAPESP's process: 13/07559-3 - BRAINN - The Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology
Grantee:Fernando Cendes
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC