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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A new unenlagiine (Theropoda, Dromaeosauridae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Brazil

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Author(s):
Brum, Arthur S. [1] ; Pegas, Rodrigo V. [2] ; Bandeira, Kamila L. N. [3] ; Souza, Lucy G. [4] ; Campos, Diogenes A. [5] ; Kellner, Alexander W. A. [1, 3]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Lab Paleobiol & Paleogeog Antartica, Dept Geol & Paleontol, Museu Nacl MN, Quinta Boa Vista S-N, BR-20940040 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed ABC, Lab Paleontol Vertebrados & Comportamento Anim, Alameda Univ S-N, BR-09606045 Sao Bernardo Do Campo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Lab Sistemat & Tafon Vertebrados Fosseis, Dept Geol & Paleontol, Museu Nacl, Quinta Boa Vista S-N, BR-20940040 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[4] Museu Amazonia MUSA, 6305 Jorge Teixeira, BR-10795265 Manaus, AM - Brazil
[5] CPRM, Museu Ciencias Terra, Serv Geol Brasil, Ave Pasteur 404, BR-22290255 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PAPERS IN PALAEONTOLOGY; v. 7, n. 4 AUG 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

The record of unenlagiines in Brazil, except for one dorsal vertebra, is still under debate based on isolated teeth. Here, we describe Ypupiara lopai gen. et sp. nov., the first dromaeosaurid species from Brazil, from the Maastrichtian of the Bauru Group, Parana Basin. The specimen consists of a partial right maxilla (with three teeth in loci) and a right dentary. Ypupiara is characterized by a restricted number of neurovascular foramina on the lateral surface of the maxilla, a rectangular and anteroposteriorly expanded interdental plate, and a labiolingual compression of the teeth, which have a labiolingual diameter more than 3/5 of the rostrocaudal diameter. Our phylogenetic analysis recovers Ypupiara as an unenlagiine based on the fluted teeth and places it as the sister taxon of Austroraptor due to the ratio of the labiolingual and mesiodistal diameters of the teeth being more than 3/5. We also erect the new group Unenlagiinia, which includes Unenlagiinae and Halszkaraptorinae. Ypupiara nests within Unenlagiinia based on the widely spaced teeth and the lack of mesial and distal carinae in the maxillary teeth. The morphology of the teeth is similar to Buitreraptor, although the proportions are markedly distinct. The teeth and comparisons with other Unenlagiinia also support fish being part of the diet for Ypupiara. We also performed a parsimony analysis of endemicity, which suggested that the presence of unenlagiines in Brazilian Upper Cretaceous outcrops is explained by dispersion or extinction events. The new species provides new information on the evolution of Gondwanan dromaeosaurids, and its preserved teeth provide new data to enable the assignment of isolated dromaeosaurid teeth from the Bauru Group. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/10231-6 - Stance biomechanis of the wing during flight in Anhanguera piscator and Tupuxuara leonardii (Pterosauria: Pterodactyloidea) and considerations on the evolution of flight within the group
Grantee:Rodrigo Vargas Pêgas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate