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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Association between attention, nonverbal intelligence and school performance of school-age children with Autism Spectrum Disorder from a public health context in Brazil

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Spaniol, Mayra Muller [1] ; Magalhaes, Julia [2] ; Mevorach, Carmel [3, 4] ; Shalev, Lilach [5, 6] ; Teixeira, Maria Cristina T. V. [1] ; Lowenthal, Rosane [7] ; de Paula, Cristiane Silvestre [8, 1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Dev Disorders Program, R Consolacao 930 Consolacao, BR-01302907 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Sch Psychol, R Consolacao 930 Consolacao, BR-01302907 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Birmingham, Sch Psychol, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands - England
[4] Ctr Human Brain Hlth, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands - England
[5] Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Educ, Tel Aviv - Israel
[6] Sagol Sch Neurosci, Tel Aviv - Israel
[7] Santa Casa Sch Med Sci, Mental Hlth Dept, Rua Dona Veridiana 56, BR-01238010 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[8] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social interaction, restricted and repetitive behaviour, interests or activities. Difficulties in a broad spectrum of cognitive skills is often present, including attentional processes and nonverbal intelligence, which might be related to academic difficulties. Aims: In this study, the association between attentional skills and nonverbal intelligence to school performance of children with ASD was assessed. Methods and procedures: 32 children/adolescents between 8-14 years old, who attended a treatment unit linked to the public health system of Sa tilde o Paulo-Brazil participated in the study. The following instruments were utilized: Cancellation Attention Test; Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices; and School Performance Test. Outcomes and results: After correlation analysis, statistically significant associations were found between attention and nonverbal intelligence with school performance. Regression analysis showed that attention drives school performance irrespective of nonverbal intelligence. Conclusions and implications: Results evidence the link between attention and school performance in ASD, suggesting that attentional mechanisms may be a promising route to follow in the design of interventions for school improvement of children and adolescents with ASD. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/25203-2 - A randomized clinical trial to test the effectiveness of a Computerized Progressive Attentional Training (CPAT) program to improve academic and attentional performance in children with Autism
Grantee:Mayra Muller Spaniol
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral