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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Nutrient availability affected by silicate and Azospirillum brasilense application in corn-wheat rotation

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Author(s):
Galindo, Fernando Shintate [1] ; Pagliari, Paulo Humberto [2] ; Buzetti, Salatier [3] ; Rodrigues, Willian Lima [3] ; Fernandes, Guilherme Carlos [3] ; Campos Biagini, Antonio Leonardo [3] ; Rimoldi Tavanti, Renan Francisco [3] ; Minhoto Teixeira Filho, Marcelo Carvalho [3]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo Piracicaba, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Minnesota, Southwest Res & Outreach Ctr, Dept Soil Water & Climate, Lamberton, MN 56152 - USA
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Plant Hlth Rural Engn & Soils, Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: AGRONOMY JOURNAL; v. 113, n. 5 AUG 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The interactive effectof silicon (Si) application on soil fertility is poorly understood when inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense is performed. This research determined if Si application and A. brasilense inoculation to corn (Zea mays L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) has agronomic benefits on soil nutrient concentration and grain yield. Treatments were tested under a no-till system in a Rhodic Haplustox in a full factorial design with four replicates and comprised (a) two soil amendment sources-calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) silicate and dolomitic limestone; (b) with and without seed inoculation with A. brasilense; and (c) five sampling dates collected during two corn-wheat crop rotations (2015-2017). Calcium and Mg silicate application was effective at decreasing soil hydrogen + aluminum (H+Al) and Al content and increasing soil pH, sum of bases, and base saturation. However, silicate changed soil nutrient availability, reduced cation exchange capacity, phosphorus (P) and Mg content and did not significantly affect (p > .05) corn and wheat grain yield. Inoculation reduced Al toxicity, with lower H+Al and Al contents, and increased K content, leading to a greater pH and base saturation after four cropping seasons. Inoculation increased corn and wheat grain yield by 8.2 and 8.3%, respectively. Application of Ca and Mg silicate was more effective than limestone as a liming agent but could result in decreased availability of certain nutrients in soil. Inoculation with A. brasilense could be an important management practice to maintain adequate Si content in soil when limestone is applied. However, with silicate application, A. brasilense could increase Si depletion in soil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/06002-6 - Inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense associated with the use of silicon and nitrogen doses in corn and wheat crops
Grantee:Fernando Shintate Galindo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate