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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A Graphical Method for Fire Design of Reinforced Concrete Beams

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Albuquerque, Gabriela B. M. L. [1] ; Silva, Valdir P. [1] ; Rodrigues, Joao Paulo C. [2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Struct & Geotech Engn, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Coimbra, Dept Civil Engn, FCT, Coimbra - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Reinforced concrete beams lose resistance at high temperatures and so as to guarantee their good performance, it is mandatory to consider this accidental action in design. As an alternative to the methods proposed by the European and Brazilian standards, above all the tabular method that, despite its simple application, limits calculations to a few pre-defined values, a new tool for fire design of these beams is proposed herein. A graphical method was developed with the Temperature Calculation and Design (TCD) software, which performs transient bi-dimensional thermo-structural analysis using the finite element method. The main variable of this method consists of the resistance to the bending moment of a heated cross-section. For its validation, the moment of four rectangular sections was determined according to four simplified methods. These results were compared among themselves and to those obtained by a more advanced method. They were all verified to lead to similar results. With regard to the TCD, whose results were used for the preparation of the graphical method, the maximum difference compared to a more advanced method was approximately 2.5%. After validation, graphs that associate the ratio between the applied moment in fire and the resistance to bending moment at ambient temperature to the fire resistance for different beams were created. These graphs present design solutions for more than 2300 beam models with T-shaped cross-sections in assorted lengths, heights, covers and reinforcement arrangements, both positive and negative. In the application examples, the results from the graphical method were generally more economic when compared to the tabular method of the fire design standards. (AU)

Grantee:Valdir Pignatta e Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants