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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Intrinsic and synaptic mechanisms controlling the expiratory activity of excitatory lateral parafacial neurones of rats

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Magalhaes, Karolyne S. [1] ; da Silva, Melina P. [1] ; Mecawi, Andre S. [2] ; Paton, Julian F. R. [3] ; Machado, Benedito H. [1] ; Moraes, Davi J. A. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biophys, Escola Paulista Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Auckland, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Dept Physiol, Pk Rd, Auckland - New Zealand
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON; v. 599, n. 21 OCT 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Active expiration is essential for increasing pulmonary ventilation during high chemical drive (hypercapnia). The lateral parafacial (pF(L)) region, which contains expiratory neurones, drives abdominal muscles during active expiration in response to hypercapnia. However, the electrophysiological properties and synaptic mechanisms determining the activity of pF(L) expiratory neurones, as well as the specific conditions for their emergence, are not fully understood. Using whole cell electrophysiology and single cell quantitative RT-PCR techniques, we describe the intrinsic electrophysiological properties, the phenotype and the respiratory-related synaptic inputs to the pF(L) expiratory neurones, as well as the mechanisms for the expression of their expiratory activity under conditions of hypercapnia-induced active expiration, using in situ preparations of juvenile rats. We also evaluated whether these neurones possess intrinsic CO2/{[}H+] sensitivity and burst generating properties. GABAergic and glycinergic inhibition during inspiration and expiration suppressed the activity of glutamatergic pF(L) expiratory neurones in normocapnia. In hypercapnia, these neurones escape glycinergic inhibition and generate burst discharges at the end of expiration. Evidence for the contribution of post-inhibitory rebound, Ca(V)3.2 isoform of T-type Ca2+ channels and intracellular {[}Ca2+] is presented. Neither intrinsic bursting properties, mediated by persistent Na+ current, nor CO2/{[}H+] sensitivity or expression of CO2/{[}H+] sensitive ion channels/receptors (TASK or GPR4) were observed. On the other hand, hyperpolarisation-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated and twik-related K+ leak channels were recorded. Post-synaptic disinhibition and the intrinsic electrophysiological properties of glutamatergic neurones play important roles in the generation of the expiratory oscillations in the pF(L) region during hypercapnia in rats. Key points Hypercapnia induces active expiration in rats and the recruitment of a specific population of expiratory neurones in the lateral parafacial (pF(L)) region. Post-synaptic GABAergic and glycinergic inhibition both suppress the activity of glutamatergic pF(L) neurones during inspiratory and expiratory phases in normocapnia. Hypercapnia reduces glycinergic inhibition during expiration leading to burst generation by pF(L) neurones; evidence for a contribution of post-inhibitory rebound, voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and intracellular {[}Ca2+] is presented. pF(L) glutamatergic expiratory neurones are neither intrinsic burster neurones, nor CO2/{[}H+] sensors, and do not express CO2/{[}H+] sensitive ion channels or receptors. Post-synaptic disinhibition and the intrinsic electrophysiological properties of glutamatergic neurones both play important roles in the generation of the expiratory oscillations in the pF(L) region during hypercapnia in rats. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/24060-9 - Contribution of the parafacial Respiratory Group to the inspiratory, expiratory and cardiovascular responses of rats to muscle afferent fiber stimulation
Grantee:Karolyne Silva Magalhães
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/15957-2 - Astrocytic modulation on brainstem neurons involved with generation and control of sympathetic and respiratory activities in rodents submitted to hypoxia
Grantee:Benedito Honorio Machado
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/11863-6 - Synaptic transmission and electrophysiological properties of bronchial motoneurons of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus from rats
Grantee:Davi José de Almeida Moraes
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/07027-5 - Role of astrocytes in the excitability of magnocelular neurons form supraoptic nucleus during changes in the plasma osmolality
Grantee:Melina Pires da Silva Moraes
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants