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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Waterlogging as an environmental filter to tree recruitment in tropical wet grasslands

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Ferreira Ribeiro, Jonathan Wesley [1, 2] ; Goncalo, Rafael Reis [2] ; Kolb, Rosana Marta [1, 2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias & Letras, BR-19806900 Assis, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Australian Journal of Botany; v. 69, n. 8 OCT 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Wet grasslands from the Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado) are open-canopy vegetation dominated by subshrubs and herbaceous plants. Although they frequently occur between gallery forests and savannas, tree species are rarely observed colonising these grasslands. Here, seed germination and seedling development of Cerrado trees under waterlogging conditions were evaluated in order to elucidate how soil waterlogging constrains tree regeneration in tropical wet grasslands. We used seeds of 11 representative Cerrado tree species that have different requirements for soil moisture (non-flooded v. flooded environments). Short periods (15 days) of waterlogging drastically decreased or inhibited germination and seedling development in four species, whereas long periods (30-45 days) of waterlogging reduced or inhibited germination and seedling development in 6 of the 11 species. As expected, we found fewer waterlogging-resistant seeds associated with those species from non-flooded environments. By contrast, more waterloggingresistant seeds were associated with species that eventually or typically occur in flooded environments. Our results suggest that soil waterlogging is an important environmental filter constraining tree recruitment in tropical wet grasslands. However, some species can overcome this environmental filter by possessing waterlogging-resistant seeds or avoid it by establishing in less waterlogged locations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/07335-1 - Evaluation of flooding tolerance in seeds of Cerrado's tree species
Grantee:Rafael Reis Gonçalo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 15/24093-3 - Morphophysiology responses of tree species to edaphic conditions of wet grassland in Cerrado areas
Grantee:Rosana Marta Kolb
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants