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The role of floodplains in the origin and maintenance of tree species diversity in the Amazon

Grant number: 15/24554-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 01, 2019
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Clarisse Palma da Silva
Grantee:Bruno Garcia Luize
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):18/23532-1 - Predicting species compositional turnover across the Amazon wetlands from evolutionary and ecological characteristics, BE.EP.DR   17/22233-8 - Ecological assembly in Amazonian centered lineages reveal the role of wetlands in the origin and maintenance of Amazon tree diversity, BE.EP.DR


Water availability plays a key role in maintaining forest cover and distribution of plant species. The geological history of South America during the Neogene and the Quaternary is closely linked with watersheds and currently about 30% of the continent is classified as wetlands. The existence of these environments since the Neogene potentially influence the evolution and speciation of plant species. The influence of pre- and post-Pleistocene origins of Amazon diversity is under intense debate, and the ecological processes that assemble and maintain mega-diverse communities are still being elucidated. In this study, we will seek to elucidate how forested wetlands in the Amazon may have contributed to the diversification of tree species and to the maintenance of regional diversity of these communities. We propose to study the geographic distribution, the time of diversification, and the ecological preferences of the tree species pool that are subject to the environmental filter imposed by periodic flooding.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LUIZE, BRUNO GARCIA; LIMA MAGALHAES, JOSE LEONARDO; QUEIROZ, HELDER; LOPES, MARIA APARECIDA; VENTICINQUE, EDUARDO MARTINS; LEAO DE MORAES NOVO, EVLYN MARCIA; FREIRE SILVA, THIAGO SANNA. The tree species pool of Amazonian wetland forests: Which species can assemble in periodically waterlogged habitats?. PLoS One, v. 13, n. 5, . (15/24554-0, 12/50260-6)
DE ASSIS, RAFAEL LEANDRO; WITTMANN, FLORIAN; LUIZE, BRUNO GARCIA; HAUGAASEN, TORBJORN. Patterns of floristic diversity and composition in floodplain forests across four Southern Amazon river tributaries, Brazil. FLORA, v. 229, p. 124-140, . (15/24554-0)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
LUIZE, Bruno Garcia. The role of wetlands on Amazonian tree species diversity patterns. 2019. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Biociências. Rio Claro Rio Claro.

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