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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fractal Methods and Power Spectral Density as Means to Explore EEG Patterns in Patients Undertaking Mental Tasks

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Valentim, Carlos Alberto [1] ; Inacio Jr, Claudio Marcio Cassela ; David, Sergio Adriani [2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biosyst Engn, Av Duque Caxias Norte 225, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[2] Inacio Jr, Jr., Claudio Marcio Cassela, Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Math & Comp Sci, Av Trabalhador Sao Carlense 400, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRACTAL AND FRACTIONAL; v. 5, n. 4 DEC 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Brain electrical activity recorded as electroencephalogram data provides relevant information that can contribute to a better understanding of pathologies and human behaviour. This study explores extant electroencephalogram (EEG) signals in search of patterns that could differentiate subjects undertaking mental tasks and reveals insights on said data. We estimated the power spectral density of the signals and found that the subjects showed stronger gamma brain waves during activity while presenting alpha waves at rest. We also found that subjects who performed better in those tasks seemed to present less power density in high-frequency ranges, which could imply decreased brain activity during tasks. In a time-domain analysis, we used Hall-Wood and Robust-Genton estimators along with the Hurst exponent by means of a detrented fluctuation analysis and found that the first two fractal measures are capable of better differentiating signals between the rest and activity datasets. The statistical results indicated that the brain region corresponding to Fp channels might be more suitable for analysing EEG data from patients conducting arithmetic tasks. In summary, both frequency- and time-based methods employed in the study provided useful insights and should be preferably used together in EEG analysis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/13815-3 - Fractional dynamics of ethanol price series in Brazil
Grantee:Sergio Adriani David
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants