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Contacts, motion, and chain breaking in a two-dimensional granular system displaced by an intruder

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Carvalho, Douglas D. ; Lima, Nicolao C. ; Franklin, Erick M.
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PHYSICAL REVIEW E; v. 105, n. 3, p. 13-pg., 2022-03-18.

We investigate numerically how the motion of an intruder within a two-dimensional granular system affects its structure and produces drag on the intruder. We made use of discrete numerical simulations in which a larger disk (intruder) is driven at constant speed amid smaller disks confined in a rectangular cell. By varying the intruder's velocity and the basal friction, we obtained the resultant force on the intruder and the instantaneous network of contact forces, which we analyze at both the cell and grain scales. We found that there is a bearing network that percolates forces from the intruder toward the walls, being responsible for jammed regions and high values of the drag force, and a dissipative network that percolates small forces within the grains, in agreement with previous experiments on compressed granular systems. In addition, we found the anisotropy levels of the contact network for different force magnitudes and regions, that the force network can reach regions far downstream of the intruder by the end of the intruder's motion, that the extent of the force network decreases with decreasing the basal friction, and that the void region (cavity) that appears downstream of the intruder tends to disappear for lower values of the basal friction. Interestingly, our results show that grains within the bearing chains creep while the chains break, revealing the mechanism by which bearing chains collapse. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/20888-2 - CFD-DEM simulations of fluidized beds
Grantee:Nicolao Cerqueira Lima
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 20/04151-7 - The motion of an intruder within granular matter
Grantee:Douglas Daniel de Carvalho
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/14981-7 - Modeling of dense granular flows: experiments, numerical simulations and stability analyses
Grantee:Erick de Moraes Franklin
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants - Phase 2