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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Radical production by hydrogen peroxide/bicarbonate and copper uptake in mammalian cells: Modulation by Cu(II) complexes

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Carvalho do Lago, Larissa C. [1] ; Matias, Andreza C. [1] ; Nomura, Cassiana S. [1] ; Cerchiaro, Giselle [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, BR-09210170 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry; v. 105, n. 2, p. 189-194, FEB 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 21

The presence of the bicarbonate/carbon dioxide pair is known to accelerate the transition metal ion-catalysed oxidation of various biotargets. It has been shown that stable Cu(II) complexes formed with imine ligands that allow redox cycling between Cu(l) and Cu(II) display diverse apoptotic effects on cell cultures. It is also reported that Cu(II)-tetraglycine can form a stable Cu(III) complex. In the present study, radical generation from H(2)O(2) and H(2)O(2)/HCO(3)(-) in the presence of these two different classes of Cu(II) complexes was evaluated by monitoring the oxidation of dihydrorhodamine 123 and NADH and by the quantitative determination of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs method). Cu(II)-imine complexes produced low levels of reactive species whereas Cu(II)-Gly-derived complexes, as well as the free Cu(II) ion, produced oxygen-derived radicals in significantly larger amounts. The effects of these two classes of complexes on mammalian tumour cell viability were equally distinct, in that Cu(II)-imine complexes caused apoptosis, entered in cell and remained almost unaffected in high levels whilst, at the same concentrations, Cu(II)-Gly peptide complexes and Cu(II) sulphate stimulated cell proliferation, with the cell managing copper efficiently. Taken together, these results highlight the different biological effects of Cu(II) complexes, some of which have been recently studied as anti-tumour drugs and radical system generators, and also update the effects of reactive oxygen species generation on cell cycle control. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)