Brancalion, P. H. S.
Novembre, A. D. L. C.
Rodrigues, R. R.
Total Authors: 3
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Florestais, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Prod Vegetal, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
SEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY;
Web of Science Citations:
Natural forest remnants have been set as seed production fields to supply seeds of native tree species for tropical forest restoration, but the effect of different forest types on seed production has not been accessed to date for palm species. In this work, we studied seed development, yield, and quality of two palm species in different tropical forest types in SE Brazil. Seed production of palmiteiro (Euterpe edulis) and queen-palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana), which are largely used in restoration efforts due to their importance for vertebrate frugivores, were studied in natural remnants of Atlantic Rainforest, Restinga Forest, Seasonally Dry Forest, and Cerrado Forest. We studied seed development, yield, size, and germination of seed lots produced in some of these forest types, including seeds harvested in 2008, 2009, and both years. Seed yield and quality, as well as seed dry mass in 2009, were higher for palmiteiro seeds produced in the Atlantic Rainforest, while queen-palm seeds produced at the Restinga Forest showed the higher mass and yield, but the lowest physiological potential. Consequently, these natural differences of seed yield and quality have to be taken into account for establishing standards for seed commercialization and analysis, seed pricing, and seedling production in forest nurseries. (AU)